Collective temperature anisotropy instabilities in intense charged particle beams
Abstract
The classical electrostatic Harris instability and the electromagnetic Weibel instability, both driven by a large temperature anisotropy (T{sub parallelb}/T{sub perpendicularb}<<1) that develops naturally in accelerators, are generalized to the case of a onecomponent intense charged particle beam with anisotropic temperature, including the important effects of finite transverse geometry and beam spacecharge. Such instabilities may lead to an increase in the longitudinal velocity spread, which makes focusing the beam difficult, and may impose a limit on the beam luminosity and the minimum spot size achievable in focusing experiments. This paper describes recent advances in the theory and simulation of collective instabilities in intense charged particle beams caused by large temperature anisotropy. The new simulation tools that have been developed to study these instabilities are also described. Results of the investigations that identify the instability growth rates, levels of saturations, and conditions for quiescent beam propagation are also discussed.
 Authors:
 Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 20975084
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2436847; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; ANISOTROPY; BEAM LUMINOSITY; BEAMPLASMA SYSTEMS; BEAMS; CHARGED PARTICLES; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; FOCUSING; GEOMETRY; INSTABILITY GROWTH RATES; ION TEMPERATURE; PLASMA; PLASMA WAVES; SPACE CHARGE
Citation Formats
Startsev, Edward A., Davidson, Ronald C., and Qin Hong. Collective temperature anisotropy instabilities in intense charged particle beams. United States: N. p., 2007.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.2436847.
Startsev, Edward A., Davidson, Ronald C., & Qin Hong. Collective temperature anisotropy instabilities in intense charged particle beams. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2436847.
Startsev, Edward A., Davidson, Ronald C., and Qin Hong. Tue .
"Collective temperature anisotropy instabilities in intense charged particle beams". United States.
doi:10.1063/1.2436847.
@article{osti_20975084,
title = {Collective temperature anisotropy instabilities in intense charged particle beams},
author = {Startsev, Edward A. and Davidson, Ronald C. and Qin Hong},
abstractNote = {The classical electrostatic Harris instability and the electromagnetic Weibel instability, both driven by a large temperature anisotropy (T{sub parallelb}/T{sub perpendicularb}<<1) that develops naturally in accelerators, are generalized to the case of a onecomponent intense charged particle beam with anisotropic temperature, including the important effects of finite transverse geometry and beam spacecharge. Such instabilities may lead to an increase in the longitudinal velocity spread, which makes focusing the beam difficult, and may impose a limit on the beam luminosity and the minimum spot size achievable in focusing experiments. This paper describes recent advances in the theory and simulation of collective instabilities in intense charged particle beams caused by large temperature anisotropy. The new simulation tools that have been developed to study these instabilities are also described. Results of the investigations that identify the instability growth rates, levels of saturations, and conditions for quiescent beam propagation are also discussed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2436847},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

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