## Exact steady-state solution of the quantum-mechanical single-mode laser model

The fully quantum-mechanical model of a single-mode laser is examined. A previously introduced method of solution where both the pump and loss reservoirs are treated simultaneously as a weak perturbation of the atom-light system is employed. This method is similar to perturbation theory for degenerate systems in that the reservoirs remove the nonuniqueness (degeneracy) of the steady state of the unperturbed atom-light system. In the limit of weak reservoir coupling, the exact steady-state solution of the master equation is derived. This solution still contains the atomic variables explicitly and therefore remains valid even in situations where the conventional adiabatic eliminationmore »