skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2

Abstract

Essay-type of publication on what should happen next after Al Gore's presentations on the Inconvenient Truth about the impacts of climate change. The essay states in the first lines: 'We've seen the movie, so we know the first part - we're in trouble deep. And it's time, past time, for at least some of us to go beyond warning to planning, to start talking seriously about a global crash program to stabilize the climate.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EcoEquity project, Earth Island Institute, San Francisco, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
20962136
Resource Type:
Miscellaneous
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; CLIMATIC CHANGE; CARBON DIOXIDE; EMISSION; FORECASTING; USA; PLANNING; ENERGY POLICY; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; INCOME; ECONOMIC IMPACT

Citation Formats

Athanasiou, T. The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Athanasiou, T. The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2. United States.
Athanasiou, T. Mon . "The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_20962136,
title = {The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2},
author = {Athanasiou, T.},
abstractNote = {Essay-type of publication on what should happen next after Al Gore's presentations on the Inconvenient Truth about the impacts of climate change. The essay states in the first lines: 'We've seen the movie, so we know the first part - we're in trouble deep. And it's time, past time, for at least some of us to go beyond warning to planning, to start talking seriously about a global crash program to stabilize the climate.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}

Miscellaneous:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item.

Save / Share:
  • A method was developed for determination of aluminum in biological samples by anion exchange chromatography and neutron activation analysis (NAA). The samples were digested with nitric acid at 65{degree}C, converting the aluminum to Al{sup +3}. The remaining solids were dissolved with dilute tiron solution, and the pH adjusted to six with ammonium hydroxide. The tiron forms a negative complex with aluminum, which is retained on the anion exchange resin. To remove the interfering ions ({sup 31}P, {sup 24}Na, {sup 37}Cl) present in biological material, ammonium citrate was eluted through the resin. The aluminum was stripped from the resin with nitricmore » acid. Fractions eluting from the column were assayed for aluminum content using NAA. The aluminum recoveries were determined to be quantitative by the method of additive spikes. Urine, bone and tissue samples were analyzed for aluminum content. Previously reported recoil halogen-for-halogen substitution reactions of diastereomeric compounds in the gas, liquid and solid phases occurred predominantly with retention of configuration. The stereo-chemical consequences of translationally excited chlorine-for-halogen substitution reactions in 2,3-dihalopentanes were studied in the gas, liquid and solid phases, (2S,3S)-dl-3-chloro-2-fluoropentane and (2S,3S)dl-2-chloro-3-fluoropentane were prepared stereospecifically from cis-2-pentane. The purified diastereomers were individually activated by thermal neutrons, and the {sup 38}Cl-labeled substitution products separated by capillary-radio-gas chromatography. Two substitution reactions pathways were found. Retention of configuration was determined to be the dominant pathway for {sup 38}Cl-for-X (X = Cl,F) substitution reactions. The percent retention of configuration in the {sup 38}Cl-for-Cl substitution was found to be phase-dependent, while the {sup 38}Cl-for-F substitution was found to be relatively phase-independent.« less
  • This dissertation consists of two parts. Part 1 describes the geomorphology of a portion of northeastern Arabia, Mars. This surface is covered by an extensive, layered deposit which has been, in places, substantially eroded. Speculative origins for the deposit include formation as a differentially welded pyroclastic tuff, or a differentially compacted, zonally indurated aeolian dust deposit. Part 2 is an experimental study of the sublimation rate of H{sub 2}O ice, both from clean surfaces and from under thin layers of dust or sand, in a Mars-like environment. The major conclusions drawn from the results of this experiment are: (1) evenmore » very thin layers of dust greatly lower the sublimation rate of an underlying ice substrate being heated from above, whereas thin layers of sand suppress the sublimation rate of underlying ice being heated from above to a significantly lesser extent; (2) thin layers of dust or sand only mildly suppress the sublimation rate of an underlying ice substrate when sample is wholly isothermal; (3) even a low-flux, desiccated gas flow over the sample surface significantly increases the sublimation rate of any given sample; (4) dry sublimation of ice underlying thin layers of dust or sand may modify the surface texture as a function of particle cohesion and as the ratio of particle layer thickness to the amount by which the surface was lowered; and (5) the actual sublimation rate of clean ice is several factors lower than the sublimation rate predicted by a commonly used formula.« less
  • The angular and energy distributions of positive muons ([mu][sup +]) and muonium (M) produced by the beam-foil [Bol81] method have been measured. A low pressure multi-wire proportional chamber (MWPC) upstream of the target foil was used as a moderator and muon counter. To observe muonium, muons were swept away by a bending magnet which was placed downstream of the target foil. Two pairs of scintillators mounted above (S[sub t]) and below (S[sub b]) a microchannel plate detector (MCP) were used to detect the decay positrons to verify from the lifetime spectrum that the particles detected by the MCP are muons.more » The intensities of [mu][sup +] and M emerging from the Al foil at different angles were obtained from a time-of-flight spectrum (between MWPC and MCP) and a lifetime spectrum (between MCP and (S[sub t] or S[sub b])). The M neutral fraction [Phi][sub 0] has a very good agreement with the published data of hydrogen [Phi55] and deuterium [Ber72]. The charge exchange process depends only on the energy of emerging muons and not on the angular direction of the muons coming out of the foil. In a proposed muon g - 2 experiment [Hug88], pions are injected into a storage ring. The pions decay in flight into muons, which are trapped in the storage ring. Only about 10[sup [minus]4] of the pions injected into the storage ring produce stored muons. The alternative of muon injection into the ring with capture achieved by a fast kicker magnetic field has been studied. A simulation code has been written to model the muon injection process which computes the number of stored muons and other properties of the stored distribution, given the parameters of the storage ring and the inflected beam. The stored muon distribution is insensitive to fluctuations in storage ring parameters or injected beam parameters. A long electric kicker with small field works about as well as short electric kicker with high field.« less
  • Part 1. Solubility profiles describe the chemical constitution of asphalt in terms of internal solubility phenomena. In this study the solubility parameter (r) which is related to hydrogen bonding or associative interactions and the volume dependent solubility parameter (V) which is related to London dispersion forces (non-polar interactions) and the dipole-dipole polar interactions. The plot by the solubility coordinates (r, V) of the solvents and the solubility of the asphalt is termed the solubility profile. Solubility profile data can be related to roadway performance. Roadway asphalt aging can be followed visually and mathematically by the detailed analysis of time-lapsed solubilitymore » profiles of roadway core asphalts. The profiles can be used to describe the gross chemical changes without the need to identify or isolate pure substances. This report investigates thirty-two roadway projects constructed between February 1983 and August 1987 which have been monitored for condition and followed by a series of solubility profiles for up to 60 months. Part 2. A variety of organosilanes have been used as applicants to roadway surfaces thereby extending the life or service of the roadway. The aim of this research project is to synthesize and characterize several organosilane compounds with potential concrete roadway applications. Alkyltrialkoxysilanes can be used to stop salt from penetrating concrete and resultant rebar corrosion. The first area this project deals with the optimization of the catalytic synthesis of n-octyltrichloro-and n-decyltrichlorosilane and their alkoxy derivatives. The investigation includes a study of the type and amount of catalyst and a study of varying reaction conditions. The second area of research involves the synthesis and characterization of a set of UV-absorbing/VIS-emitting organosiloxanes. These compounds have potential use as roadway delineation or roadway obstruction demarkation product enhancements.« less
  • The experimental aspects of the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) and the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) techniques have been studied. These two techniques were applied to the investigation of polyvinylferrocene (PVF) film(s) on gold (Au) substrate. Additionally the EQCM and the Ag rotating disk electrodes were employed in tandem to investigate nitrate/nitrite reduction in basic and acidic media. In Chapter 2, a broad historical perspective of QCM, its application in the vacuum community, and the extended use in various liquids and hence the exploitation of the beneficial characteristics for electrochemical purposes (EQCM), are discussed. Chapter 3 treats the relatively new,more » yet established field of conducting polymer. Imbued in this chapter is the discussion of electrodeposition, rigidity determination, and characterization of PVF film. The studies of electroreduction of nitrate and nitrite ions are examined in chapters 4 and 5. Reduction in a basic solution is discussed in chapter 4, while chapter 5 looks at reduction in an acid medium.« less