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Title: The effect of sheared axial flow on the interchange mode in a hard-core Z pinch

Abstract

It is well known that a static (i.e., v=0) closed field line configuration, such as a levitated dipole, or a hard-core Z pinch, can be stabilized against ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interchange modes when the edge pressure gradient is sufficiently weak. The stabilizing effect is provided by plasma compressibility. However, many laboratory plasmas exhibit a sheared velocity flow (i.e., n{center_dot}{nabla}v{ne}0), and this flow may affect the marginal stability boundary. The present work addresses this issue by an analysis of the effect of axially sheared flow on interchange stability in a hard-core Z pinch, a cylindrical model for the levitated dipole configuration. Specifically, the goal is to learn whether sheared flow is favorable, unfavorable, or neutral with respect to MHD stability. Analytic calculations of marginal stability for several idealistic velocity profiles show that all three options are possible depending on the shape of the shear profile. This variability reflects the competition between the destabilizing Kelvin-Helmholtz effect and the fact that shear makes it more difficult for interchange perturbations to form. Numerical calculation are also presented for more realistic experimental profiles and compared with the results for the idealized analytic profiles.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20960102
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2423014; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BOUNDARY LAYERS; COMPRESSIBILITY; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DIPOLES; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; PLASMA; PLASMA INSTABILITY; PLASMA PRESSURE; PRESSURE GRADIENTS; STABILITY; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Kouznetsov, A., Freidberg, J. P., and Kesner, J. The effect of sheared axial flow on the interchange mode in a hard-core Z pinch. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2423014.
Kouznetsov, A., Freidberg, J. P., & Kesner, J. The effect of sheared axial flow on the interchange mode in a hard-core Z pinch. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2423014.
Kouznetsov, A., Freidberg, J. P., and Kesner, J. Mon . "The effect of sheared axial flow on the interchange mode in a hard-core Z pinch". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2423014.
@article{osti_20960102,
title = {The effect of sheared axial flow on the interchange mode in a hard-core Z pinch},
author = {Kouznetsov, A. and Freidberg, J. P. and Kesner, J.},
abstractNote = {It is well known that a static (i.e., v=0) closed field line configuration, such as a levitated dipole, or a hard-core Z pinch, can be stabilized against ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interchange modes when the edge pressure gradient is sufficiently weak. The stabilizing effect is provided by plasma compressibility. However, many laboratory plasmas exhibit a sheared velocity flow (i.e., n{center_dot}{nabla}v{ne}0), and this flow may affect the marginal stability boundary. The present work addresses this issue by an analysis of the effect of axially sheared flow on interchange stability in a hard-core Z pinch, a cylindrical model for the levitated dipole configuration. Specifically, the goal is to learn whether sheared flow is favorable, unfavorable, or neutral with respect to MHD stability. Analytic calculations of marginal stability for several idealistic velocity profiles show that all three options are possible depending on the shape of the shear profile. This variability reflects the competition between the destabilizing Kelvin-Helmholtz effect and the fact that shear makes it more difficult for interchange perturbations to form. Numerical calculation are also presented for more realistic experimental profiles and compared with the results for the idealized analytic profiles.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2423014},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 1,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}