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Title: Design and performance of a sub-nanoradian resolution autocollimating optical lever

Abstract

Precision goniometry using optics has the advantage that it does not impose much stress on the object of investigation and, as such, is adopted extensively in gravitational wave detection, in torsion balances investigating fundamental forces, in specialized studies of biological samples, and it has potential applications in condensed matter physics. In this article we present the considerations that go into designing optical levers and discuss the performance of the instrument we have constructed. We motivate the design by considering an idealized setup and the limitations to the angular resolution induced by statistical fluctuations of the photon count rate and diffraction at the apertures. The effects of digitization of the count rate and of the spatial location of the photons on the image plane motivating the actual design are discussed next. Based on these considerations, we have developed an autocollimating optical lever which has a very high resolution and dynamic range. An array of 110 slits, of 90 {mu}m width and a pitch of 182 {mu}m, is located in the focal plane of a field lens, of focal length 1000 mm, and is illuminated by a CCFL tube. This array is imaged back onto the focal plane after retroreflection from amore » mirror placed just beyond the lens. The image is recorded on a linear charge-coupled device array at the rate of 1000 images/s and is processed through a special algorithm to obtain the centroid. The instrument has a centroid stability of {approx}3x10{sup -10} rad Hz{sup -1/2} and a dynamic range of {approx}10{sup 7}.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, and Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20953400
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2714044; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ACCURACY; ALGORITHMS; APERTURES; BALANCES; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; COLLIMATORS; COUNTING RATES; DESIGN; DETECTION; DIFFRACTION; FLUCTUATIONS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; IMAGES; PERFORMANCE; PHOTONS; RESOLUTION

Citation Formats

Cowsik, R., Srinivasan, R., Kasturirengan, S., Kumar, A. Senthil, and Wagoner, K. Design and performance of a sub-nanoradian resolution autocollimating optical lever. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2714044.
Cowsik, R., Srinivasan, R., Kasturirengan, S., Kumar, A. Senthil, & Wagoner, K. Design and performance of a sub-nanoradian resolution autocollimating optical lever. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2714044.
Cowsik, R., Srinivasan, R., Kasturirengan, S., Kumar, A. Senthil, and Wagoner, K. Thu . "Design and performance of a sub-nanoradian resolution autocollimating optical lever". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2714044.
@article{osti_20953400,
title = {Design and performance of a sub-nanoradian resolution autocollimating optical lever},
author = {Cowsik, R. and Srinivasan, R. and Kasturirengan, S. and Kumar, A. Senthil and Wagoner, K.},
abstractNote = {Precision goniometry using optics has the advantage that it does not impose much stress on the object of investigation and, as such, is adopted extensively in gravitational wave detection, in torsion balances investigating fundamental forces, in specialized studies of biological samples, and it has potential applications in condensed matter physics. In this article we present the considerations that go into designing optical levers and discuss the performance of the instrument we have constructed. We motivate the design by considering an idealized setup and the limitations to the angular resolution induced by statistical fluctuations of the photon count rate and diffraction at the apertures. The effects of digitization of the count rate and of the spatial location of the photons on the image plane motivating the actual design are discussed next. Based on these considerations, we have developed an autocollimating optical lever which has a very high resolution and dynamic range. An array of 110 slits, of 90 {mu}m width and a pitch of 182 {mu}m, is located in the focal plane of a field lens, of focal length 1000 mm, and is illuminated by a CCFL tube. This array is imaged back onto the focal plane after retroreflection from a mirror placed just beyond the lens. The image is recorded on a linear charge-coupled device array at the rate of 1000 images/s and is processed through a special algorithm to obtain the centroid. The instrument has a centroid stability of {approx}3x10{sup -10} rad Hz{sup -1/2} and a dynamic range of {approx}10{sup 7}.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2714044},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 3,
volume = 78,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}