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Title: Effective mass of a charged carrier in a nonpolar liquid: Snowball effect in superfluid helium

Abstract

The problem of a correct definition of the charged carrier effective mass in superfluid helium is revised. It is shown that the effective mass of such a quasiparticle can be introduced without Atkins's idea about the solidification of liquid He{sup 4} in the close vicinity of an ion (the so-called ''snowball'' model). Moreover, in addition to the generalization of Atkins's model, the charged carrier effective mass formation is considered within the framework of the two-fluid scenario. The physical reasons of the normal-fluid contribution divergency and the way of the corresponding regularization procedure are discussed. Agreement between the theory and the available experimental data is found in a wide range of temperatures.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. DRECAM/SCM/LIONS CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)
  2. ISSP, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow District, 142432 (Russian Federation)
  3. INFM-CNR, COHERENTIA, via del Politecnico 1, I-00133 Rome (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20951421
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.184518; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CARRIERS; EFFECTIVE MASS; HELIUM; HELIUM 4; IONS; LIQUIDS; QUASI PARTICLES; SOLIDIFICATION; SUPERFLUIDITY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Chikina, I., Shikin, V., and Varlamov, A. A. Effective mass of a charged carrier in a nonpolar liquid: Snowball effect in superfluid helium. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.184518.
Chikina, I., Shikin, V., & Varlamov, A. A. Effective mass of a charged carrier in a nonpolar liquid: Snowball effect in superfluid helium. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.184518.
Chikina, I., Shikin, V., and Varlamov, A. A. Tue . "Effective mass of a charged carrier in a nonpolar liquid: Snowball effect in superfluid helium". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.184518.
@article{osti_20951421,
title = {Effective mass of a charged carrier in a nonpolar liquid: Snowball effect in superfluid helium},
author = {Chikina, I. and Shikin, V. and Varlamov, A. A.},
abstractNote = {The problem of a correct definition of the charged carrier effective mass in superfluid helium is revised. It is shown that the effective mass of such a quasiparticle can be introduced without Atkins's idea about the solidification of liquid He{sup 4} in the close vicinity of an ion (the so-called ''snowball'' model). Moreover, in addition to the generalization of Atkins's model, the charged carrier effective mass formation is considered within the framework of the two-fluid scenario. The physical reasons of the normal-fluid contribution divergency and the way of the corresponding regularization procedure are discussed. Agreement between the theory and the available experimental data is found in a wide range of temperatures.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.184518},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 18,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}