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Title: Quantum State-Resolved Probing of Strong-Field-Ionized Xenon Atoms Using Femtosecond High-Order Harmonic Transient Absorption Spectroscopy

Abstract

Femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy is used to resolve the complete vertical bar j,m> quantum state distribution of Xe{sup +} produced by optical strong-field ionization of Xe atoms at 800 nm. Probing at the Xe N{sub 4/5} edge yields a population distribution {rho}{sub j,vertic}a{sub lbarmverticalbar} of {rho}{sub 3/2,1/2} ratio {rho}{sub 1/2,1/2} ratio {rho}{sub 3/2,3/2}=75{+-}6 :12{+-}3 :13{+-}6%. The result is compared to a tunnel ionization calculation with the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling, revealing nonadiabatic ionization behavior. The sub-50-fs time resolution paves the way for tabletop extreme ultraviolet absorption probing of ultrafast dynamics.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Departments of Chemistry and Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA, and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20951210
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters; Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.143601; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ATOMS; EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; IONIZATION; L-S COUPLING; TIME RESOLUTION; XENON; XENON IONS

Citation Formats

Loh, Z.-H., Khalil, Munira, Correa, Raoul E., Leone, Stephen R., Santra, Robin, and Buth, Christian. Quantum State-Resolved Probing of Strong-Field-Ionized Xenon Atoms Using Femtosecond High-Order Harmonic Transient Absorption Spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.143601.
Loh, Z.-H., Khalil, Munira, Correa, Raoul E., Leone, Stephen R., Santra, Robin, & Buth, Christian. Quantum State-Resolved Probing of Strong-Field-Ionized Xenon Atoms Using Femtosecond High-Order Harmonic Transient Absorption Spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.143601.
Loh, Z.-H., Khalil, Munira, Correa, Raoul E., Leone, Stephen R., Santra, Robin, and Buth, Christian. Fri . "Quantum State-Resolved Probing of Strong-Field-Ionized Xenon Atoms Using Femtosecond High-Order Harmonic Transient Absorption Spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.143601.
@article{osti_20951210,
title = {Quantum State-Resolved Probing of Strong-Field-Ionized Xenon Atoms Using Femtosecond High-Order Harmonic Transient Absorption Spectroscopy},
author = {Loh, Z.-H. and Khalil, Munira and Correa, Raoul E. and Leone, Stephen R. and Santra, Robin and Buth, Christian},
abstractNote = {Femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy is used to resolve the complete vertical bar j,m> quantum state distribution of Xe{sup +} produced by optical strong-field ionization of Xe atoms at 800 nm. Probing at the Xe N{sub 4/5} edge yields a population distribution {rho}{sub j,vertic}a{sub lbarmverticalbar} of {rho}{sub 3/2,1/2} ratio {rho}{sub 1/2,1/2} ratio {rho}{sub 3/2,3/2}=75{+-}6 :12{+-}3 :13{+-}6%. The result is compared to a tunnel ionization calculation with the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling, revealing nonadiabatic ionization behavior. The sub-50-fs time resolution paves the way for tabletop extreme ultraviolet absorption probing of ultrafast dynamics.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.143601},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 14,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 06 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Fri Apr 06 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}