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Title: Complete model of a spherical gravitational wave detector with capacitive transducers: Calibration and sensitivity optimization

Abstract

We report the results of a detailed numerical analysis of a real resonant spherical gravitational wave antenna operating with six resonant two-mode capacitive transducers read out by superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID) amplifiers. We derive a set of equations to describe the electromechanical dynamics of the detector. The model takes into account the effect of all the noise sources present in each transducer chain: the thermal noise associated with the mechanical resonators, the thermal noise from the superconducting impedance matching transformer, the backaction noise, and the additive current noise of the SQUID amplifier. Asymmetries in the detector signal-to-noise ratio and bandwidth, coming from considering the transducers not as pointlike objects but as a sensor with physically defined geometry and dimension, are also investigated. We calculate the sensitivity for an ultracryogenic, 30 ton, 2 m in diameter, spherical detector with optimal and nonoptimal impedance matching of the electrical readout scheme to the mechanical modes. The results of the analysis are useful not only to optimize existing smaller mass spherical detector like MiniGrail, in Leiden, but also as a technological guideline for future massive detectors. Furthermore we calculate the antenna patterns when the sphere operates with one, three, and six transducers. Themore » sky coverage for two detectors based in The Netherlands and Brazil and operating in coincidence is also estimated. Finally, we describe and numerically verify a calibration and filtering procedure useful for diagnostic and detection purposes in analogy with existing resonant bar detectors.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. LION, Institute of Physics, Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratorium, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20935196
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.022002; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2821
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; AMPLIFIERS; ANTENNAS; CALIBRATION; EQUATIONS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVE DETECTORS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; IMPEDANCE; NOISE; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; OPTIMIZATION; READOUT SYSTEMS; RESONATORS; SENSITIVITY; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; SQUID DEVICES; TRANSDUCERS; TRANSFORMERS

Citation Formats

Gottardi, Luciano. Complete model of a spherical gravitational wave detector with capacitive transducers: Calibration and sensitivity optimization. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.022002.
Gottardi, Luciano. Complete model of a spherical gravitational wave detector with capacitive transducers: Calibration and sensitivity optimization. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.022002.
Gottardi, Luciano. Mon . "Complete model of a spherical gravitational wave detector with capacitive transducers: Calibration and sensitivity optimization". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.022002.
@article{osti_20935196,
title = {Complete model of a spherical gravitational wave detector with capacitive transducers: Calibration and sensitivity optimization},
author = {Gottardi, Luciano},
abstractNote = {We report the results of a detailed numerical analysis of a real resonant spherical gravitational wave antenna operating with six resonant two-mode capacitive transducers read out by superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID) amplifiers. We derive a set of equations to describe the electromechanical dynamics of the detector. The model takes into account the effect of all the noise sources present in each transducer chain: the thermal noise associated with the mechanical resonators, the thermal noise from the superconducting impedance matching transformer, the backaction noise, and the additive current noise of the SQUID amplifier. Asymmetries in the detector signal-to-noise ratio and bandwidth, coming from considering the transducers not as pointlike objects but as a sensor with physically defined geometry and dimension, are also investigated. We calculate the sensitivity for an ultracryogenic, 30 ton, 2 m in diameter, spherical detector with optimal and nonoptimal impedance matching of the electrical readout scheme to the mechanical modes. The results of the analysis are useful not only to optimize existing smaller mass spherical detector like MiniGrail, in Leiden, but also as a technological guideline for future massive detectors. Furthermore we calculate the antenna patterns when the sphere operates with one, three, and six transducers. The sky coverage for two detectors based in The Netherlands and Brazil and operating in coincidence is also estimated. Finally, we describe and numerically verify a calibration and filtering procedure useful for diagnostic and detection purposes in analogy with existing resonant bar detectors.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.022002},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
issn = {0556-2821},
number = 2,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {1}
}