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Title: Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking in 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet H{sub 2}S environments after isothermal treatment at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C

Abstract

The effect of isothermal treatment (at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C) on HIC (hydrogen induced cracking) in sour environments containing hydrogen sulphide of a 2205 duplex stainless steel has been investigated. The performance and microstructure of failed material were characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and also X-ray diffraction. Two kinds of Cr-, Mo-enriched intermetallic phases, {sigma} and {chi}, were found to precipitate preferentially at {alpha}/{gamma} interfaces and within {alpha} grains after different times of aging in the temperature range of 650-900 deg. C. After performing tests according to the NACE Standard TM 0284 (1987) the specimens were investigated by using quantitative metallography methods. The volume fraction of {sigma} phase was changed with the time of aging and {sigma} phase developed into coarse particles due to the high diffusibility of solute atoms at high temperatures. The variation of size and shape of {sigma} phase particles was obtained by applying different heat treatment conditions to 2205 steel specimens. The results showed that 2205 duplex stainless steel containing nearly 12 vol.% of {sigma} phase in dispersed conditions was resistant to step cracking in wet environments containing hydrogen sulphide. It was highly possible that a crack would propagate faster along themore » embrittled {sigma} phase. However, very small cracks were found at austenite-ferrite boundaries where o phase particles were also present.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science, Silesian University of Technology, Krasinskiego 8, 40-019 Katowice (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20889830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Materials Characterization
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 4-5; Conference: 9th ECSIA and 7th STERMAT: Stereology and image analysis in materials science, Zakopane (Poland), 10-13 May 2005; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2005.11.024; PII: S1044-5803(06)00006-4; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1044-5803
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AGING; AUSTENITE; CRACKS; FERRITES; HEAT TREATMENTS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT; HYDROGEN SULFIDES; INTERFACES; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; METALLOGRAPHY; MICROSTRUCTURE; PRECIPITATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STAINLESS STEELS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Sozanska, Maria, and Klyk-Spyra, Katarzyna. Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking in 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet H{sub 2}S environments after isothermal treatment at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2005.11.024.
Sozanska, Maria, & Klyk-Spyra, Katarzyna. Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking in 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet H{sub 2}S environments after isothermal treatment at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C. United States. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2005.11.024.
Sozanska, Maria, and Klyk-Spyra, Katarzyna. Thu . "Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking in 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet H{sub 2}S environments after isothermal treatment at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C". United States. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2005.11.024.
@article{osti_20889830,
title = {Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking in 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet H{sub 2}S environments after isothermal treatment at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C},
author = {Sozanska, Maria and Klyk-Spyra, Katarzyna},
abstractNote = {The effect of isothermal treatment (at 675, 750 and 900 deg. C) on HIC (hydrogen induced cracking) in sour environments containing hydrogen sulphide of a 2205 duplex stainless steel has been investigated. The performance and microstructure of failed material were characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and also X-ray diffraction. Two kinds of Cr-, Mo-enriched intermetallic phases, {sigma} and {chi}, were found to precipitate preferentially at {alpha}/{gamma} interfaces and within {alpha} grains after different times of aging in the temperature range of 650-900 deg. C. After performing tests according to the NACE Standard TM 0284 (1987) the specimens were investigated by using quantitative metallography methods. The volume fraction of {sigma} phase was changed with the time of aging and {sigma} phase developed into coarse particles due to the high diffusibility of solute atoms at high temperatures. The variation of size and shape of {sigma} phase particles was obtained by applying different heat treatment conditions to 2205 steel specimens. The results showed that 2205 duplex stainless steel containing nearly 12 vol.% of {sigma} phase in dispersed conditions was resistant to step cracking in wet environments containing hydrogen sulphide. It was highly possible that a crack would propagate faster along the embrittled {sigma} phase. However, very small cracks were found at austenite-ferrite boundaries where o phase particles were also present.},
doi = {10.1016/j.matchar.2005.11.024},
journal = {Materials Characterization},
issn = {1044-5803},
number = 4-5,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {6}
}