Applications of exact solution for strongly interacting onedimensional BoseFermi mixture: Lowtemperature correlation functions, density profiles, and collective modes
Abstract
We consider onedimensional interacting BoseFermi mixture with equal masses of bosons and fermions, and with equal and repulsive interactions between BoseFermi and BoseBose particles. Such a system can be realized in current experiments with ultracold BoseFermi mixtures. We apply the Bethe ansatz technique to find the exact ground state energy at zero temperature for any value of interaction strength and density ratio between bosons and fermions. We use it to prove the absence of the demixing, contrary to prediction of a meanfield approximation. Combining exact solution with local density approximation in a harmonic trap, we calculate the density profiles and frequencies of collective modes in various limits. In the strongly interacting regime, we predict the appearance of lowlying collective oscillations which correspond to the counterflow of the two species. In the strongly interacting regime, we use exact wavefunction to calculate the single particle correlation functions for bosons and fermions at low temperatures under periodic boundary conditions. Fourier transform of the correlation function is a momentum distribution, which can be measured in timeofflight experiments or using Bragg scattering. We derive an analytical formula, which allows to calculate correlation functions at all distances numerically for a polynomial time in the system size.more »
 Authors:

 Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 20845931
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Journal Name:
 Annals of Physics (New York)
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 321; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.aop.2005.11.017; PII: S00034916(05)00268X; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 00034916
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; APPROXIMATIONS; BOSEEINSTEIN GAS; BOSONS; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; COLLECTIVE MODEL; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; EXACT SOLUTIONS; FERMI GAS; FERMI INTERACTIONS; FERMIONS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GROUND STATES; MEANFIELD THEORY; ONEDIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; PERIODICITY; POLYNOMIALS; SINGULARITY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TIMEOFFLIGHT METHOD; WAVE FUNCTIONS
Citation Formats
Imambekov, Adilet, and Demler, Eugene. Applications of exact solution for strongly interacting onedimensional BoseFermi mixture: Lowtemperature correlation functions, density profiles, and collective modes. United States: N. p., 2006.
Web. doi:10.1016/j.aop.2005.11.017.
Imambekov, Adilet, & Demler, Eugene. Applications of exact solution for strongly interacting onedimensional BoseFermi mixture: Lowtemperature correlation functions, density profiles, and collective modes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2005.11.017
Imambekov, Adilet, and Demler, Eugene. Sun .
"Applications of exact solution for strongly interacting onedimensional BoseFermi mixture: Lowtemperature correlation functions, density profiles, and collective modes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2005.11.017.
@article{osti_20845931,
title = {Applications of exact solution for strongly interacting onedimensional BoseFermi mixture: Lowtemperature correlation functions, density profiles, and collective modes},
author = {Imambekov, Adilet and Demler, Eugene},
abstractNote = {We consider onedimensional interacting BoseFermi mixture with equal masses of bosons and fermions, and with equal and repulsive interactions between BoseFermi and BoseBose particles. Such a system can be realized in current experiments with ultracold BoseFermi mixtures. We apply the Bethe ansatz technique to find the exact ground state energy at zero temperature for any value of interaction strength and density ratio between bosons and fermions. We use it to prove the absence of the demixing, contrary to prediction of a meanfield approximation. Combining exact solution with local density approximation in a harmonic trap, we calculate the density profiles and frequencies of collective modes in various limits. In the strongly interacting regime, we predict the appearance of lowlying collective oscillations which correspond to the counterflow of the two species. In the strongly interacting regime, we use exact wavefunction to calculate the single particle correlation functions for bosons and fermions at low temperatures under periodic boundary conditions. Fourier transform of the correlation function is a momentum distribution, which can be measured in timeofflight experiments or using Bragg scattering. We derive an analytical formula, which allows to calculate correlation functions at all distances numerically for a polynomial time in the system size. We investigate numerically two strong singularities of the momentum distribution for fermions at k {sub f} and k {sub f} + 2k {sub b}. We show, that in strongly interacting regime correlation functions change dramatically as temperature changes from 0 to a small temperature {approx}E {sub f}/{gamma} << E {sub f}, where E {sub f} = ({pi}hn){sup 2}/(2m), n is the total density and {gamma} = mg/(h {sup 2} n) >> 1 is the LiebLiniger parameter. A strong change of the momentum distribution in a small range of temperatures can be used to perform a thermometry at very small temperatures.},
doi = {10.1016/j.aop.2005.11.017},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/20845931},
journal = {Annals of Physics (New York)},
issn = {00034916},
number = 10,
volume = 321,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {10}
}