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Title: Homogeneous {sup 242m}Am-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy

Abstract

The best sources of neutrons for neutron capture therapy (NCT) are nuclear reactors. To consider installing nuclear reactors in hospitals, such reactors must be cheap and inherently safe. To meet these requirements, the power of the reactor should be low. To obtain low reactor power and high flux, the critical mass should be small.A preliminary design for a 10-kW homogeneous reactor with a critical mass of 19.22 g {sup 242m}Am is presented. The obtained results of this reactor are compared with the NCT requirements. Although the presented design could potentially be a cheap reactor, there is uncertainty regarding the cost of the {sup 242m}Am fuel.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Israel)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20804726
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 138; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2006 American Nuclear Society (ANS), United States, All rights reserved. http://epubs.ans.org/; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5639
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; AMERICIUM 242; CRITICAL MASS; DESIGN; HOMOGENEOUS REACTORS; HOSPITALS; NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY; NEUTRON REACTIONS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR FUELS

Citation Formats

Ronen, Y., Aboudy, M., and Regev, D. Homogeneous {sup 242m}Am-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Ronen, Y., Aboudy, M., & Regev, D. Homogeneous {sup 242m}Am-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy. United States.
Ronen, Y., Aboudy, M., and Regev, D. Sun . "Homogeneous {sup 242m}Am-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy". United States.
@article{osti_20804726,
title = {Homogeneous {sup 242m}Am-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy},
author = {Ronen, Y. and Aboudy, M. and Regev, D.},
abstractNote = {The best sources of neutrons for neutron capture therapy (NCT) are nuclear reactors. To consider installing nuclear reactors in hospitals, such reactors must be cheap and inherently safe. To meet these requirements, the power of the reactor should be low. To obtain low reactor power and high flux, the critical mass should be small.A preliminary design for a 10-kW homogeneous reactor with a critical mass of 19.22 g {sup 242m}Am is presented. The obtained results of this reactor are compared with the NCT requirements. Although the presented design could potentially be a cheap reactor, there is uncertainty regarding the cost of the {sup 242m}Am fuel.},
doi = {},
journal = {Nuclear Science and Engineering},
issn = {0029-5639},
number = 3,
volume = 138,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {7}
}