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Title: Performance and Controllability of Pulsed Ion Beam Ablation Propulsion

Abstract

We propose novel propulsion driven by ablation plasma pressures produced by the irradiation of pulsed ion beams onto a propellant. The ion beam ablation propulsion demonstrates by a thin foil (50 {mu}mt), and the flyer velocity of 7.7 km/s at the ion beam energy density of 2 kJ/cm2 adopted by using the Time-of-flight method is observed numerically and experimentally. We estimate the performance of the ion beam ablation propulsion as specific impulse of 3600 s and impulse bit density of 1700 Ns/m2 obtained from the demonstration results. In the numerical analysis, a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model with ion beam energy depositions is used. The control of the ion beam kinetic energy is only improvement of the performance but also propellant consumption. The spacecraft driven by the ion beam ablation provides high performance efficiency with short-pulsed ion beam irradiation. The numerical results of the advanced model explained latent heat and real gas equation of state agreed well with experimental ones over a wide range of the incident ion beam energy density.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ; ;  [2]
  1. Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)
  2. Nagaoka University of Technology, Extreme Energy-Density Research Institute, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20800247
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 830; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 4. international symposium on beamed energy propulsion, Nara (Japan), 15-18 Nov 2005; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2203277; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABLATION; CONTROL; EFFICIENCY; ENERGY DENSITY; EQUATIONS OF STATE; ION BEAMS; IRRADIATION; KINETIC ENERGY; LASERS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; PERFORMANCE; PLASMA HEATING; PLASMA PRESSURE; PLASMA PRODUCTION; PROPULSION; PULSES; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD

Citation Formats

Yazawa, Masaru, Buttapeng, Chainarong, Harada, Nobuhiro, Suematsu, Hisayuki, Jiang Weihua, and Yatsui, Kiyoshi. Performance and Controllability of Pulsed Ion Beam Ablation Propulsion. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2203277.
Yazawa, Masaru, Buttapeng, Chainarong, Harada, Nobuhiro, Suematsu, Hisayuki, Jiang Weihua, & Yatsui, Kiyoshi. Performance and Controllability of Pulsed Ion Beam Ablation Propulsion. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2203277.
Yazawa, Masaru, Buttapeng, Chainarong, Harada, Nobuhiro, Suematsu, Hisayuki, Jiang Weihua, and Yatsui, Kiyoshi. Tue . "Performance and Controllability of Pulsed Ion Beam Ablation Propulsion". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2203277.
@article{osti_20800247,
title = {Performance and Controllability of Pulsed Ion Beam Ablation Propulsion},
author = {Yazawa, Masaru and Buttapeng, Chainarong and Harada, Nobuhiro and Suematsu, Hisayuki and Jiang Weihua and Yatsui, Kiyoshi},
abstractNote = {We propose novel propulsion driven by ablation plasma pressures produced by the irradiation of pulsed ion beams onto a propellant. The ion beam ablation propulsion demonstrates by a thin foil (50 {mu}mt), and the flyer velocity of 7.7 km/s at the ion beam energy density of 2 kJ/cm2 adopted by using the Time-of-flight method is observed numerically and experimentally. We estimate the performance of the ion beam ablation propulsion as specific impulse of 3600 s and impulse bit density of 1700 Ns/m2 obtained from the demonstration results. In the numerical analysis, a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model with ion beam energy depositions is used. The control of the ion beam kinetic energy is only improvement of the performance but also propellant consumption. The spacecraft driven by the ion beam ablation provides high performance efficiency with short-pulsed ion beam irradiation. The numerical results of the advanced model explained latent heat and real gas equation of state agreed well with experimental ones over a wide range of the incident ion beam energy density.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2203277},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 830,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}