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Title: Result of International Round Robin Test on Young's Modulus Measurement of 304L and 316L Steels at Cryogenic Temperatures

Abstract

Ogata et al. reported in 1996 results of international Round Robin tests on mechanical property measurement of several metals at cryogenic temperatures. Following the report, the standard deviation of Young's modulus of 316L steel is much larger than those of yield and tensile strengths, that is, 4.6 % of the mean value for Young's modulus, while 1.4 % and 1.6 % of the mean values for yield and for tensile strengths, respectively. Therefore, an international Round Robin test on Young's modulus of two austenitic stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures under the participation often institutes from four nations has been initiated within these two years. As a result, the ratios of standard deviation to the mean values are 4.2 % for 304L and 3.6 % for 316L. Such a drop in the standard deviation is attributable to the decrease in the number of institute owing to the application of single extensometer or direct strain gage technique.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ;  [4];  [5];  [6]; ;  [7];  [8]; ;  [9];  [10];  [11]
  1. University of Tokyo - Now, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0047 (Japan)
  2. National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0047 (Japan)
  3. Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, ITP, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)
  4. Florida State University, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida, FL 32310 (United States)
  5. CEA Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble cedex 9 (France)
  6. Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8579 (Japan)
  7. Nippon Steel Corporation, Futtsu, Chiba 293-8511 (Japan)
  8. Japan Steel Works, Ltd. Muroran Research Laboratory, Muroran, Hokkaido, 051-8505 (Japan)
  9. Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Naka, Ibaraki, 311-0193 (Japan)
  10. LINDE LE, Hoellriegelskreuth, 82049 (Germany)
  11. AIR LIQUIDE - DTA, BP 15, 38360 Sassenage (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20800192
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 824; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Cryogenic engineering conference, Keystone, CO (United States), 29 Aug - 2 Sep 2005; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2192338; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AUSTENITIC STEELS; CRYOGENICS; METALS; STRAIN GAGES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TENSILE PROPERTIES; TESTING; YOUNG MODULUS

Citation Formats

Shibata, K., Ogata, T., Nyilas, A., Walsh, R. P., Toplosky, V. J., Millet, M. F., Shindo, Y., Fujii, H., Ohmiya, S., Ishio, K., Nakajima, H., Takano, K., Mitterbacher, H., and Gigante, P. Result of International Round Robin Test on Young's Modulus Measurement of 304L and 316L Steels at Cryogenic Temperatures. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2192338.
Shibata, K., Ogata, T., Nyilas, A., Walsh, R. P., Toplosky, V. J., Millet, M. F., Shindo, Y., Fujii, H., Ohmiya, S., Ishio, K., Nakajima, H., Takano, K., Mitterbacher, H., & Gigante, P. Result of International Round Robin Test on Young's Modulus Measurement of 304L and 316L Steels at Cryogenic Temperatures. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2192338.
Shibata, K., Ogata, T., Nyilas, A., Walsh, R. P., Toplosky, V. J., Millet, M. F., Shindo, Y., Fujii, H., Ohmiya, S., Ishio, K., Nakajima, H., Takano, K., Mitterbacher, H., and Gigante, P. Fri . "Result of International Round Robin Test on Young's Modulus Measurement of 304L and 316L Steels at Cryogenic Temperatures". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2192338.
@article{osti_20800192,
title = {Result of International Round Robin Test on Young's Modulus Measurement of 304L and 316L Steels at Cryogenic Temperatures},
author = {Shibata, K. and Ogata, T. and Nyilas, A. and Walsh, R. P. and Toplosky, V. J. and Millet, M. F. and Shindo, Y. and Fujii, H. and Ohmiya, S. and Ishio, K. and Nakajima, H. and Takano, K. and Mitterbacher, H. and Gigante, P.},
abstractNote = {Ogata et al. reported in 1996 results of international Round Robin tests on mechanical property measurement of several metals at cryogenic temperatures. Following the report, the standard deviation of Young's modulus of 316L steel is much larger than those of yield and tensile strengths, that is, 4.6 % of the mean value for Young's modulus, while 1.4 % and 1.6 % of the mean values for yield and for tensile strengths, respectively. Therefore, an international Round Robin test on Young's modulus of two austenitic stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures under the participation often institutes from four nations has been initiated within these two years. As a result, the ratios of standard deviation to the mean values are 4.2 % for 304L and 3.6 % for 316L. Such a drop in the standard deviation is attributable to the decrease in the number of institute owing to the application of single extensometer or direct strain gage technique.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2192338},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 824,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 31 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Fri Mar 31 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
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  • The corrosion behavior of type 304L and type 316L austenitic stainless steels, produced by powder metallurgy, when exposed to a ferric chloride solution was studied. The exposures were conducted according to ASTM G48-76, Method A. The influence of ferric chloride concentration and exposure temperature on the corrosion kinetics of these materials was evaluated. A mechanism is proposed to explain the associated morphology observed in the microstructures produced after exposure of these P/M alloys to the aggressive medium.
  • Tensile tests of type 304L and 316L steels were carried out using round bar specimens with a notch in liquid helium, hydrogen, liquid nitrogen and at ambient temperature. The obtained tensile strengths were compared with the tensile strengths of smooth specimens. For smooth specimens, tensile strength increased with a decrease in temperature and the strengths in liquid helium and hydrogen show similar values in both steels. For notched specimen of 304L steel, tensile strength (including fracture strength) increased noticeably from ambient to liquid nitrogen temperature but showed a large decrease in liquid helium and hydrogen. In liquid hydrogen and helium,more » the tensile strength is a little lower in liquid hydrogen than in liquid helium and both strengths are lower than tensile strengths of smooth specimens. For notched specimen of 316L steel, an increase in tensile strength from ambient to liquid nitrogen temperature was not so large and a decrease from liquid nitrogen to liquid hydrogen was small. The tensile strengths in liquid helium and hydrogen were nearly same and higher than those of smooth specimens. Different behavior of serration was observed between liquid helium and hydrogen, and between 304L and 316L steels. The reasons for these differences were discussed using computer simulation.« less