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Title: Debuncher Cooling Performance

Abstract

We present measurements of the Fermilab Debuncher momentum and transverse cooling systems. These systems use liquid helium cooled waveguide pickups and slotted waveguide kickers covering the frequency range 4-8 GHz.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia IL 60510-0500 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20798403
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 821; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: COOL05: International workshop on beam cooling and related topics, Galena, IL (United States), 18-23 Sep 2005; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2190117; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM DYNAMICS; COOLING SYSTEMS; FERMILAB; GHZ RANGE; PARTICLE BEAMS; PERFORMANCE; WAVEGUIDES

Citation Formats

Derwent, P. F., McGinnis, David, Pasquinelli, Ralph, Vander Meulen, David, and Werkema, Steven. Debuncher Cooling Performance. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2190117.
Derwent, P. F., McGinnis, David, Pasquinelli, Ralph, Vander Meulen, David, & Werkema, Steven. Debuncher Cooling Performance. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2190117.
Derwent, P. F., McGinnis, David, Pasquinelli, Ralph, Vander Meulen, David, and Werkema, Steven. Mon . "Debuncher Cooling Performance". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2190117.
@article{osti_20798403,
title = {Debuncher Cooling Performance},
author = {Derwent, P. F. and McGinnis, David and Pasquinelli, Ralph and Vander Meulen, David and Werkema, Steven},
abstractNote = {We present measurements of the Fermilab Debuncher momentum and transverse cooling systems. These systems use liquid helium cooled waveguide pickups and slotted waveguide kickers covering the frequency range 4-8 GHz.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2190117},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 821,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 20 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Mon Mar 20 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • We present measurements of the Fermilab Debuncher momentum and transverse cooling systems. These systems use liquid helium cooled waveguide pickups and slotted waveguide kickers covering the frequency range 4-8 GHz.
  • A careful measurement of the system noise performance for all 12 Debuncher stochastic cooling systems has been performed. The opportunity to make the measurement was due to a pickup tank warm up to fix a bad preamplifier. A HP power meter and spectrum analyzer were used to measure the noise power and spectral characteristics of each system. Signals were monitored in the tunnel at the medium level transfer switch, before any variable gain devices. Noise power levels observed ranged between -10 to -30 dBm, which is well within the linear calibration range of the power meter. The noise floor ofmore » the power meter was measured to be below -40 dBm. The temperature of the tunnel for the warm measurements was 80 degrees F or 300 Kelvin. The tanks had been at tunnel temperature for weeks when the warm measurement was made. There was no vacuum in the tanks for the warm measurement. The cold temperature of the tanks at liquid helium was 4.5-5 K. 5K was used in the calculations. No component changes were made between the measurements. The gain of the cryogenic amplifier increases with a decrease in operating temperature. The gain of the cryo amplifier was carefully measured both warm and cold so that this change could be taken into account. The Noise Figure in dB and effective noise temperature are derived from the equations below. T2-T1 is the difference in operation temperature in degrees Kelvin, in this case 300-5 or 295 deg. K. Y is the excess noise ratio, which is measured in dB by the power meter by taking the difference in noise power between warm and cold measurements. This log value must be converted to linear for use in this equation. The value for Y is also corrected for the increase in gain due to the change in the operating temperature of the amplifier. This data was derived from the warm and cold preamp temperatures measured in the tunnel. The noise figure NF used in the effective noise temperature equation must also be converted to linear. Except for two systems where noise was measured to be below reasonable levels (in red on spreadsheet), the numbers appear to be reasonable.« less