skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Design of a Low Power, Fast-Spectrum, Liquid-Metal Cooled Surface Reactor System

Abstract

In the current 2005 US budget environment, competition for fiscal resources make funding for comprehensive space reactor development programs difficult to justify and accommodate. Simultaneously, the need to develop these systems to provide planetary and deep space-enabling power systems is increasing. Given that environment, designs intended to satisfy reasonable near-term surface missions, using affordable technology-ready materials and processes warrant serious consideration. An initial lunar application design incorporating a stainless structure, 880 K pumped NaK coolant system and a stainless/UO2 fuel system can be designed, fabricated and tested for a fraction of the cost of recent high-profile reactor programs (JIMO, SP-100). Along with the cost reductions associated with the use of qualified materials and processes, this design offers a low-risk, high-reliability implementation associated with mission specific low temperature, low burnup, five year operating lifetime requirements.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2]
  1. Nuclear Systems Design Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20797990
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 813; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 10. conference on thermophysics applications in microgravity; 23. symposium on space nuclear power and propulsion; 4. conference on human/robotic technology and the national vision for space exploration; 4. symposium on space colonization; 3. symposium on new frontiers and future concepts, Albuquerque, NM (United States), 12-16 Feb 2006; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2169208; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; BURNUP; COOLANTS; COST; DESIGN; FUEL SYSTEMS; LIFETIME; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; POTASSIUM ALLOYS; POWER GENERATION; POWER SYSTEMS; REACTOR MATERIALS; SODIUM ALLOYS; SPACE; SPACE VEHICLES; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems

Citation Formats

Marcille, T. F., Poston, D. I., Kapernick, R. J., Dixon, D. D., Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, Fischer, G. A., Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, Doherty, S. P., and Department of Engineering, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 06106. Design of a Low Power, Fast-Spectrum, Liquid-Metal Cooled Surface Reactor System. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2169208.
Marcille, T. F., Poston, D. I., Kapernick, R. J., Dixon, D. D., Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, Fischer, G. A., Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, Doherty, S. P., & Department of Engineering, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 06106. Design of a Low Power, Fast-Spectrum, Liquid-Metal Cooled Surface Reactor System. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2169208.
Marcille, T. F., Poston, D. I., Kapernick, R. J., Dixon, D. D., Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, Fischer, G. A., Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, Doherty, S. P., and Department of Engineering, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 06106. Fri . "Design of a Low Power, Fast-Spectrum, Liquid-Metal Cooled Surface Reactor System". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2169208.
@article{osti_20797990,
title = {Design of a Low Power, Fast-Spectrum, Liquid-Metal Cooled Surface Reactor System},
author = {Marcille, T. F. and Poston, D. I. and Kapernick, R. J. and Dixon, D. D. and Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 and Fischer, G. A. and Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 and Doherty, S. P. and Department of Engineering, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 06106},
abstractNote = {In the current 2005 US budget environment, competition for fiscal resources make funding for comprehensive space reactor development programs difficult to justify and accommodate. Simultaneously, the need to develop these systems to provide planetary and deep space-enabling power systems is increasing. Given that environment, designs intended to satisfy reasonable near-term surface missions, using affordable technology-ready materials and processes warrant serious consideration. An initial lunar application design incorporating a stainless structure, 880 K pumped NaK coolant system and a stainless/UO2 fuel system can be designed, fabricated and tested for a fraction of the cost of recent high-profile reactor programs (JIMO, SP-100). Along with the cost reductions associated with the use of qualified materials and processes, this design offers a low-risk, high-reliability implementation associated with mission specific low temperature, low burnup, five year operating lifetime requirements.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2169208},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 813,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 20 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Fri Jan 20 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}