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Title: Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in head-and-neck cancer based on microscopic extracapsular extension of metastatic neck nodes

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the optimal clinical target volume margins around the gross nodal tumor volume in head-and-neck cancer by assessing microscopic tumor extension beyond cervical lymph node capsules. Methods and Materials: Histologic sections of 96 dissected cervical lymph nodes with extracapsular extension (ECE) from 48 patients with head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma were examined. The maximum linear distance from the external capsule border to the farthest extent of the tumor or tumoral reaction was measured. The trends of ECE as a function of the distance from the capsule and lymph node size were analyzed. Results: The median diameter of all lymph nodes was 11.0 mm (range: 3.0-30.0 mm). The mean and median ECE extent was 2.2 mm and 1.6 mm, respectively (range: 0.4-9.0 mm). The ECE was <5 mm from the capsule in 96% of the nodes. As the distance from the capsule increased, the probability of tumor extension declined. No significant difference between the extent of ECE and lymph node size was observed. Conclusion: For N1 nodes that are at high risk for ECE but not grossly infiltrating musculature, 1 cm clinical target volume margins around the nodal gross tumor volume are recommended to cover microscopic nodal extension in head-and-neckmore » cancer.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Experimental Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)
  2. Department of Pathology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)
  3. Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)
  4. Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)
  5. Department of Experimental Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States) and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States). E-mail: cchao@mdanderson.org
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20793331
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.08.020; PII: S0360-3016(05)02388-6; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CARCINOMAS; HAZARDS; HEAD; LYMPH NODES; METASTASES; NECK; PATIENTS

Citation Formats

Apisarnthanarax, Smith, Elliott, Danielle D., El-Naggar, Adel K., Asper, Joshua A. P.A., Blanco, Angel, Ang, K. Kian, Garden, Adam S., Morrison, William H., Rosenthal, David, Weber, Randal S., and Chao, K.S. Clifford. Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in head-and-neck cancer based on microscopic extracapsular extension of metastatic neck nodes. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
Apisarnthanarax, Smith, Elliott, Danielle D., El-Naggar, Adel K., Asper, Joshua A. P.A., Blanco, Angel, Ang, K. Kian, Garden, Adam S., Morrison, William H., Rosenthal, David, Weber, Randal S., & Chao, K.S. Clifford. Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in head-and-neck cancer based on microscopic extracapsular extension of metastatic neck nodes. United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
Apisarnthanarax, Smith, Elliott, Danielle D., El-Naggar, Adel K., Asper, Joshua A. P.A., Blanco, Angel, Ang, K. Kian, Garden, Adam S., Morrison, William H., Rosenthal, David, Weber, Randal S., and Chao, K.S. Clifford. Wed . "Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in head-and-neck cancer based on microscopic extracapsular extension of metastatic neck nodes". United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
@article{osti_20793331,
title = {Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in head-and-neck cancer based on microscopic extracapsular extension of metastatic neck nodes},
author = {Apisarnthanarax, Smith and Elliott, Danielle D. and El-Naggar, Adel K. and Asper, Joshua A. P.A. and Blanco, Angel and Ang, K. Kian and Garden, Adam S. and Morrison, William H. and Rosenthal, David and Weber, Randal S. and Chao, K.S. Clifford},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To determine the optimal clinical target volume margins around the gross nodal tumor volume in head-and-neck cancer by assessing microscopic tumor extension beyond cervical lymph node capsules. Methods and Materials: Histologic sections of 96 dissected cervical lymph nodes with extracapsular extension (ECE) from 48 patients with head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma were examined. The maximum linear distance from the external capsule border to the farthest extent of the tumor or tumoral reaction was measured. The trends of ECE as a function of the distance from the capsule and lymph node size were analyzed. Results: The median diameter of all lymph nodes was 11.0 mm (range: 3.0-30.0 mm). The mean and median ECE extent was 2.2 mm and 1.6 mm, respectively (range: 0.4-9.0 mm). The ECE was <5 mm from the capsule in 96% of the nodes. As the distance from the capsule increased, the probability of tumor extension declined. No significant difference between the extent of ECE and lymph node size was observed. Conclusion: For N1 nodes that are at high risk for ECE but not grossly infiltrating musculature, 1 cm clinical target volume margins around the nodal gross tumor volume are recommended to cover microscopic nodal extension in head-and-neck cancer.},
doi = {10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0},
journal = {International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics},
number = 3,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}