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Title: Is intensity-modulated radiotherapy better than conventional radiation treatment and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for mediastinal masses in patients with Hodgkin's disease, and is there a role for beam orientation optimization and dose constraints assigned to virtual volumes?

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the role of beam orientation optimization and the role of virtual volumes (VVs) aimed at protecting adjacent organs at risk (OARs), and to compare various intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) setups with conventional treatment with anterior and posterior fields and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). Methods and Materials: Patients with mediastinal masses in Hodgkin's disease were treated with combined modality therapy (three to six cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine [ABVD] before radiation treatment). Contouring and treatment planning were performed with Somavision and CadPlan Helios (Varian Systems, Palo Alto, CA). The gross tumor volume was determined according to the prechemotherapy length and the postchemotherapy width of the mediastinal tumor mass. A 10-mm isotropic margin was added for the planning target volume (PTV). Because dose constraints assigned to OARs led to unsatisfactory PTV coverage, VVs were designed for each patient to protect adjacent OARs. The prescribed dose was 40 Gy to the PTV, delivered according to guidelines from International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report No. 50. Five different IMRT treatment plans were compared with conventional treatment and 3D-CRT. Results: Beam orientation was important with respect to the amount of irradiated normal tissues. The best compromise in terms ofmore » PTV coverage and protection of normal tissues was obtained with five equally spaced beams (5FEQ IMRT plan) using dose constraints assigned to VVs. When IMRT treatment plans were compared with conventional treatment and 3D-CRT, dose conformation with IMRT was significantly better, with greater protection of the heart, coronary arteries, esophagus, and spinal cord. The lungs and breasts in women received a slightly higher radiation dose with IMRT compared with conventional treatments. The greater volume of normal tissue receiving low radiation doses could be a cause for concern. Conclusions: The 5FEQ IMRT plan with dose constraints assigned to the PTV and VV allows better dose conformation than conventional treatment and 3D-CRT, notably with better protection of the heart and coronary arteries. Of concern is the 'spreading out' of low doses to the rest of the patient's body.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France). E-mail: girinsky@igr.fr
  2. Department of Radiation Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20788288
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.06.004; PII: S0360-3016(05)01009-6; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BLEOMYCIN; CARCINOMAS; CORONARIES; DOXORUBICIN; ESOPHAGUS; HEART; IRRADIATION; LUNGS; MAMMARY GLANDS; OPTIMIZATION; PATIENTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; RECOMMENDATIONS; SPINAL CORD; VINBLASTINE; WOMEN

Citation Formats

Girinsky, Theodore, Pichenot, Charlotte, Beaudre, Anne, Ghalibafian, Mithra, and Lefkopoulos, Dimitri. Is intensity-modulated radiotherapy better than conventional radiation treatment and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for mediastinal masses in patients with Hodgkin's disease, and is there a role for beam orientation optimization and dose constraints assigned to virtual volumes?. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
Girinsky, Theodore, Pichenot, Charlotte, Beaudre, Anne, Ghalibafian, Mithra, & Lefkopoulos, Dimitri. Is intensity-modulated radiotherapy better than conventional radiation treatment and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for mediastinal masses in patients with Hodgkin's disease, and is there a role for beam orientation optimization and dose constraints assigned to virtual volumes?. United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
Girinsky, Theodore, Pichenot, Charlotte, Beaudre, Anne, Ghalibafian, Mithra, and Lefkopoulos, Dimitri. Sun . "Is intensity-modulated radiotherapy better than conventional radiation treatment and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for mediastinal masses in patients with Hodgkin's disease, and is there a role for beam orientation optimization and dose constraints assigned to virtual volumes?". United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0.
@article{osti_20788288,
title = {Is intensity-modulated radiotherapy better than conventional radiation treatment and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for mediastinal masses in patients with Hodgkin's disease, and is there a role for beam orientation optimization and dose constraints assigned to virtual volumes?},
author = {Girinsky, Theodore and Pichenot, Charlotte and Beaudre, Anne and Ghalibafian, Mithra and Lefkopoulos, Dimitri},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To evaluate the role of beam orientation optimization and the role of virtual volumes (VVs) aimed at protecting adjacent organs at risk (OARs), and to compare various intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) setups with conventional treatment with anterior and posterior fields and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). Methods and Materials: Patients with mediastinal masses in Hodgkin's disease were treated with combined modality therapy (three to six cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine [ABVD] before radiation treatment). Contouring and treatment planning were performed with Somavision and CadPlan Helios (Varian Systems, Palo Alto, CA). The gross tumor volume was determined according to the prechemotherapy length and the postchemotherapy width of the mediastinal tumor mass. A 10-mm isotropic margin was added for the planning target volume (PTV). Because dose constraints assigned to OARs led to unsatisfactory PTV coverage, VVs were designed for each patient to protect adjacent OARs. The prescribed dose was 40 Gy to the PTV, delivered according to guidelines from International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report No. 50. Five different IMRT treatment plans were compared with conventional treatment and 3D-CRT. Results: Beam orientation was important with respect to the amount of irradiated normal tissues. The best compromise in terms of PTV coverage and protection of normal tissues was obtained with five equally spaced beams (5FEQ IMRT plan) using dose constraints assigned to VVs. When IMRT treatment plans were compared with conventional treatment and 3D-CRT, dose conformation with IMRT was significantly better, with greater protection of the heart, coronary arteries, esophagus, and spinal cord. The lungs and breasts in women received a slightly higher radiation dose with IMRT compared with conventional treatments. The greater volume of normal tissue receiving low radiation doses could be a cause for concern. Conclusions: The 5FEQ IMRT plan with dose constraints assigned to the PTV and VV allows better dose conformation than conventional treatment and 3D-CRT, notably with better protection of the heart and coronary arteries. Of concern is the 'spreading out' of low doses to the rest of the patient's body.},
doi = {10.1016/J.IJROBP.2005.0},
journal = {International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}