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Title: Anode length optimization in a modified plasma focus device for optimal x-ray yields

Abstract

The effect of anode length and operating gas pressure on the x-ray emission from a nitrogen-filling modified plasma focus device has been investigated. The time-resolved investigation of x ray was carried out by using a five-channel photodiode x-ray spectrometer. The maximum x-ray yield is seen to increase with the increase in the anode length from 110 to 125 mm. Further increase in the anode length to 130 mm causes the x-ray yields to decrease. The highest x-ray yield of 4.5 J into 4{pi} sr was found for 125 mm anode length, which is 0.2% of the input energy. The average x-ray photon energy was estimated by using half-value thickness method and found to be 8.4 keV. The electron temperature of the plasma was estimated to be around 3 keV by x-ray intensity ratio method. The space-resolved x-ray-emitting zones for all the anodes were captured by a pinhole-based x-ray imaging camera and the images were scanned for different gray levels by using a MATLAB computing software. These gray level spectra show that the image for a 125 mm anode length is more intense than that for the other anode. In addition to this, the gray level spectrum shows some highly densemore » spot inside the image, which is the so-called hot spot, emitting relatively higher energy x rays. Our results indicate that the plasma focus device could be optimized to a great extent for optimal x-ray yield by using an appropriate anode length.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Centre of Plasma Physics, Sonapur, Kamrup 782 402, Assam (India)
  2. (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20787776
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2158134; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANODES; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; HOT SPOTS; IMAGES; ION TEMPERATURE; KEV RANGE 01-10; LENGTH; M CODES; NITROGEN; OPTIMIZATION; PHOTONS; PINCH EFFECT; PLASMA; PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS; PLASMA FOCUS; PLASMA FOCUS DEVICES; TIME RESOLUTION; X-RAY SOURCES; X-RAY SPECTROMETERS

Citation Formats

Neog, N.K., Mohanty, S.R., Hotta, E., and Department of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8502. Anode length optimization in a modified plasma focus device for optimal x-ray yields. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2158134.
Neog, N.K., Mohanty, S.R., Hotta, E., & Department of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8502. Anode length optimization in a modified plasma focus device for optimal x-ray yields. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2158134.
Neog, N.K., Mohanty, S.R., Hotta, E., and Department of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8502. Sun . "Anode length optimization in a modified plasma focus device for optimal x-ray yields". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2158134.
@article{osti_20787776,
title = {Anode length optimization in a modified plasma focus device for optimal x-ray yields},
author = {Neog, N.K. and Mohanty, S.R. and Hotta, E. and Department of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8502},
abstractNote = {The effect of anode length and operating gas pressure on the x-ray emission from a nitrogen-filling modified plasma focus device has been investigated. The time-resolved investigation of x ray was carried out by using a five-channel photodiode x-ray spectrometer. The maximum x-ray yield is seen to increase with the increase in the anode length from 110 to 125 mm. Further increase in the anode length to 130 mm causes the x-ray yields to decrease. The highest x-ray yield of 4.5 J into 4{pi} sr was found for 125 mm anode length, which is 0.2% of the input energy. The average x-ray photon energy was estimated by using half-value thickness method and found to be 8.4 keV. The electron temperature of the plasma was estimated to be around 3 keV by x-ray intensity ratio method. The space-resolved x-ray-emitting zones for all the anodes were captured by a pinhole-based x-ray imaging camera and the images were scanned for different gray levels by using a MATLAB computing software. These gray level spectra show that the image for a 125 mm anode length is more intense than that for the other anode. In addition to this, the gray level spectrum shows some highly dense spot inside the image, which is the so-called hot spot, emitting relatively higher energy x rays. Our results indicate that the plasma focus device could be optimized to a great extent for optimal x-ray yield by using an appropriate anode length.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2158134},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}