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Title: Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system

Abstract

Following our previous brief report [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002)], we report here a detailed study of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system using optical-optical double resonance (OODR) spectroscopy for both resonance and off resonance coupling. When a strong coupling laser couples the intermediate state A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}(v=13,J=14) to the upper state G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g}(v=11,J=14) of {sup 7}Li{sub 2}, the fluorescence from both A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +} and G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g} states was drastically reduced as the weak probe laser was tuned through the resonance transition between the ground state X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}(v=4,J=15) and the excited state A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}(v=13,J=14). The strong coupling laser makes an optically thick medium transparent for the probe transition. In addition, the fact that fluorescence from the upper state G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g}(v=11,J=14) was also dark when both lasers were tuned at resonance implies that the molecules were trapped in the ground state. We used density matrix methods to simulate the response of an open molecular three-level system to the action of a strong coupling field and a weak probe field. The analytical solutions were obtained undermore » the steady-state condition. We have incorporated the magnetic sublevel (M) degeneracy of the rotational levels in the line shape analysis and report |M| dependent line shape splitting. Our theoretical calculations are in excellent agreement with the observed fluorescence spectra. We show that the coherence is remarkably preserved even when the coupling field was detuned far from the resonance.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Penn State Berks, Tulpehocken Road, P.O. Box 7009, Reading, Pennsylvania 19610 (United States)
  2. Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19112 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20787164
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.043810; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; COUPLING; DENSITY MATRIX; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; GROUND STATES; INTERMEDIATE STATE; LASERS; LITHIUM; MOLECULES; OPACITY; RADIATION PRESSURE; RESONANCE; RESONANCE FLUORESCENCE; ROTATIONAL STATES; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; TRAPPING

Citation Formats

Qi Jianbing, and Lyyra, A. Marjatta. Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Qi Jianbing, & Lyyra, A. Marjatta. Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Qi Jianbing, and Lyyra, A. Marjatta. Sat . "Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
@article{osti_20787164,
title = {Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system},
author = {Qi Jianbing and Lyyra, A. Marjatta},
abstractNote = {Following our previous brief report [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002)], we report here a detailed study of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system using optical-optical double resonance (OODR) spectroscopy for both resonance and off resonance coupling. When a strong coupling laser couples the intermediate state A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}(v=13,J=14) to the upper state G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g}(v=11,J=14) of {sup 7}Li{sub 2}, the fluorescence from both A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +} and G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g} states was drastically reduced as the weak probe laser was tuned through the resonance transition between the ground state X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}(v=4,J=15) and the excited state A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}(v=13,J=14). The strong coupling laser makes an optically thick medium transparent for the probe transition. In addition, the fact that fluorescence from the upper state G {sup 1}{pi}{sub g}(v=11,J=14) was also dark when both lasers were tuned at resonance implies that the molecules were trapped in the ground state. We used density matrix methods to simulate the response of an open molecular three-level system to the action of a strong coupling field and a weak probe field. The analytical solutions were obtained under the steady-state condition. We have incorporated the magnetic sublevel (M) degeneracy of the rotational levels in the line shape analysis and report |M| dependent line shape splitting. Our theoretical calculations are in excellent agreement with the observed fluorescence spectra. We show that the coherence is remarkably preserved even when the coupling field was detuned far from the resonance.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 4,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}