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Title: Properties of entangled photon pairs generated in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic-band-gap structures

Abstract

We have developed a rigorous quantum model of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a nonlinear 1D photonic-band-gap structure based upon expansion of the field into monochromatic plane waves. The model provides a two-photon amplitude of a created photon pair. The spectra of the signal and idler fields, their intensity profiles in the time domain, as well as the coincidence-count interference pattern in a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer are determined both for cw and pulsed pumping regimes in terms of the two-photon amplitude. A broad range of parameters characterizing the emitted down-converted fields can be used. As an example, a structure composed of 49 layers of GaN/AlN is analyzed as a suitable source of photon pairs having high efficiency.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacky University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 17. listopadu 50A, 772 07 Olomouc (Czech Republic)
  2. (Italy)
  3. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20787003
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.033823; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; AMPLITUDES; CONVERSION; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EMISSION; GALLIUM NITRIDES; INTERFERENCE; INTERFEROMETRY; LAYERS; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; MULTI-PHOTON PROCESSES; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; OPTICS; PHOTONS; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT

Citation Formats

Perina, Jan Jr., Centini, Marco, Sibilia, Concita, Bertolotti, Mario, Scalora, Michael, Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita La Sapienza di Roma, Via A. Scarpa 16, 00161 Rome, and Charles M. Bowden Research Center, RD and EC, Redstone Arsenal, Bldg. 7804, Alabama 35898-5000. Properties of entangled photon pairs generated in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic-band-gap structures. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Perina, Jan Jr., Centini, Marco, Sibilia, Concita, Bertolotti, Mario, Scalora, Michael, Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita La Sapienza di Roma, Via A. Scarpa 16, 00161 Rome, & Charles M. Bowden Research Center, RD and EC, Redstone Arsenal, Bldg. 7804, Alabama 35898-5000. Properties of entangled photon pairs generated in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic-band-gap structures. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Perina, Jan Jr., Centini, Marco, Sibilia, Concita, Bertolotti, Mario, Scalora, Michael, Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita La Sapienza di Roma, Via A. Scarpa 16, 00161 Rome, and Charles M. Bowden Research Center, RD and EC, Redstone Arsenal, Bldg. 7804, Alabama 35898-5000. Wed . "Properties of entangled photon pairs generated in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic-band-gap structures". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
@article{osti_20787003,
title = {Properties of entangled photon pairs generated in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic-band-gap structures},
author = {Perina, Jan Jr. and Centini, Marco and Sibilia, Concita and Bertolotti, Mario and Scalora, Michael and Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita La Sapienza di Roma, Via A. Scarpa 16, 00161 Rome and Charles M. Bowden Research Center, RD and EC, Redstone Arsenal, Bldg. 7804, Alabama 35898-5000},
abstractNote = {We have developed a rigorous quantum model of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a nonlinear 1D photonic-band-gap structure based upon expansion of the field into monochromatic plane waves. The model provides a two-photon amplitude of a created photon pair. The spectra of the signal and idler fields, their intensity profiles in the time domain, as well as the coincidence-count interference pattern in a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer are determined both for cw and pulsed pumping regimes in terms of the two-photon amplitude. A broad range of parameters characterizing the emitted down-converted fields can be used. As an example, a structure composed of 49 layers of GaN/AlN is analyzed as a suitable source of photon pairs having high efficiency.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 3,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}