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Title: Existence criterion of genuine tripartite entanglement

Abstract

In this paper, an intuitive mathematical formulation is provided to generalize the residual entanglement for tripartite systems of qubits [Phys. Rev. A 61, 052306 (2000)] to the tripartite systems in higher dimension. The spirit lies in the tensor treatment of tripartite pure states [Phys. Rev. A 72, 022333 (2005)]. A distinct characteristic of the present generalization is that the formulation for higher dimensional systems is invariant under permutation of the subsystems, hence is employed as a criterion to test the existence of genuine tripartite entanglement. Furthermore, the formulation for pure states can be conveniently extended to the case of mixed states by utilizing the Kronecker product approximate technique. As applications, we give the analytic approximation of the criterion for weakly mixed tripartite quantum states and consider the existence of genuine tripartite entanglement of some weakly mixed states.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20786871
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.032322; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; APPROXIMATIONS; ENERGY LEVELS; MIXED STATE; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; QUBITS; TENSORS

Citation Formats

Yu Changshui, and Song Heshan. Existence criterion of genuine tripartite entanglement. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Yu Changshui, & Song Heshan. Existence criterion of genuine tripartite entanglement. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Yu Changshui, and Song Heshan. Wed . "Existence criterion of genuine tripartite entanglement". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
@article{osti_20786871,
title = {Existence criterion of genuine tripartite entanglement},
author = {Yu Changshui and Song Heshan},
abstractNote = {In this paper, an intuitive mathematical formulation is provided to generalize the residual entanglement for tripartite systems of qubits [Phys. Rev. A 61, 052306 (2000)] to the tripartite systems in higher dimension. The spirit lies in the tensor treatment of tripartite pure states [Phys. Rev. A 72, 022333 (2005)]. A distinct characteristic of the present generalization is that the formulation for higher dimensional systems is invariant under permutation of the subsystems, hence is employed as a criterion to test the existence of genuine tripartite entanglement. Furthermore, the formulation for pure states can be conveniently extended to the case of mixed states by utilizing the Kronecker product approximate technique. As applications, we give the analytic approximation of the criterion for weakly mixed tripartite quantum states and consider the existence of genuine tripartite entanglement of some weakly mixed states.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 3,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • A genuine tripartite entanglement monotone is presented for (2 x 2 x n)-dimensional tripartite pure states, obtained by introducing an entanglement measure for bipartite pure states. As an application, we consider the genuine tripartite entanglement of the ground state of the exactly solvable isotropic spin-1/2 chain with three-spin interaction. It is shown that the singular behavior of the genuine tripartite entanglement exactly signals a quantum phase transition.
  • In a recent paper [M. Huber et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 210501 (2010)], new criteria to determine the presence of multipartite entanglement were given. We exploit these tools to study thermal entanglement in a spin-star network made of three peripheral spins interacting with a central one. Genuine tripartite entanglement is found in a wide range of the relevant parameters. A comparison between predictions based on the new criteria and those based on the tripartite negativity is also made.
  • We present a family of three-qubit quantum states with a basic local hidden-variable model. Any von Neumann measurement can be described by a local model for these states. We show that some of these states are genuine three-partite entangled and also distillable. The generalization for larger dimensions or higher number of parties is also discussed. As a by-product, we present symmetric extensions of two-qubit Werner states.
  • The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality (SI) [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent subclasses of pure three-qubit states: the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) class and the W class. We show that the maximum for the GHZ-class states reduces to Mermin's inequality [Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1838 (1990)] modulo a constant factor, and although it is a function of the three tangle and themore » residual concurrence, large numbers of states do not violate the inequality. We further show that by design SI is more suitable as a measure of genuine tripartite nonlocality between the three qubits in the W-class states, and the maximum is a certain function of the bipartite entanglement (the concurrence) of the three reduced states, and only when their sum attains a certain threshold value do they violate the inequality.« less
  • As stated by S. Ghose et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 250404 (2009)], there are certain relationships between tripartite entanglement and tripartite nonlocality for three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) class states. In the present work, we have experimentally demonstrated the theoretical results of Ghose et al. by using both three-photon generalized GHZ (GGHZ) states and maximal slice (MS) states with a count of {approx}10/s. From the data, we have verified the agreement of the experimental violation of the Svetlichny inequality with the one predicted by quantum mechanics given the reconstructed density matrix. For the MS states, it is demonstrated that the amountmore » of violation increases linearly following the increase of the degree of tripartite entanglement. In contrast, for GGHZ states, there is a minimal value of the violation when the degree of tripartite entanglement is 1/3. Both of the results are consist with the theoretical prediction.« less