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Title: Aharonov-Bohm effect without closing a loop

Abstract

We discuss the consequences of the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect in setups involving several charged particles, wherein none of the charged particles encloses a closed loop around the magnetic flux. We show that in such setups, the AB phase is encoded either in the relative phase of a bipartite or multipartite entangled photons states, or alternatively, gives rise to an overall AB phase that can be measured relative to another reference system. These setups involve processes of annihilation or creation of electron-hole pairs. We discuss the relevance of such effects in 'vacuum birefringence' in QED, and comment on their connection to other known effects.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Physics, University of South Carolina, Columbia (United States)
  4. (Colombia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20786844
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.032106; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; AHARONOV-BOHM EFFECT; ANNIHILATION; CHARGED PARTICLES; HOLES; MAGNETIC FLUX; PHOTONS; QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS

Citation Formats

Retzker, A., Nussinov, S., Reznik, B., Aharonov, Y., Department of Physics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, Botero, A., and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Los Andes, Apartado Aereo 4976, Bogota. Aharonov-Bohm effect without closing a loop. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Retzker, A., Nussinov, S., Reznik, B., Aharonov, Y., Department of Physics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, Botero, A., & Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Los Andes, Apartado Aereo 4976, Bogota. Aharonov-Bohm effect without closing a loop. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Retzker, A., Nussinov, S., Reznik, B., Aharonov, Y., Department of Physics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, Botero, A., and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Los Andes, Apartado Aereo 4976, Bogota. Wed . "Aharonov-Bohm effect without closing a loop". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
@article{osti_20786844,
title = {Aharonov-Bohm effect without closing a loop},
author = {Retzker, A. and Nussinov, S. and Reznik, B. and Aharonov, Y. and Department of Physics, University of South Carolina, Columbia and Botero, A. and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Los Andes, Apartado Aereo 4976, Bogota},
abstractNote = {We discuss the consequences of the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect in setups involving several charged particles, wherein none of the charged particles encloses a closed loop around the magnetic flux. We show that in such setups, the AB phase is encoded either in the relative phase of a bipartite or multipartite entangled photons states, or alternatively, gives rise to an overall AB phase that can be measured relative to another reference system. These setups involve processes of annihilation or creation of electron-hole pairs. We discuss the relevance of such effects in 'vacuum birefringence' in QED, and comment on their connection to other known effects.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 3,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}