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Title: Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition

Abstract

We study the influence of delayed optical feedback from a short external cavity (EC) on the emission dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers (VCSELs). We find the emergence of pulse packages (PP) exhibiting characteristics which originate from the interplay of time-delay induced dynamics and polarization mode (PM) competition. We provide detailed analysis of the polarization dynamics applying complementary cross-correlation and spectral analysis techniques. The analysis reveals an interplay of the dynamics linked to the hierarchy of time scales present in the laser system: the fast time scale of the EC delay, the slower time scale of the PP, and the slow time scale of the polarization mode competition. For an analysis of the dynamics we provide a toolbox of methods adapted to the different relevant time scales and temporal variations of the dynamics. This complementary view unveils distinct changes in the relative oscillation phase of the two PM for increasing the injection current on both the fast and the slow time scales. Our results emphasize the significance of the polarization mode competition for PP dynamics in VCSELs, contrasting the observed behavior to what was reported for edge emitters.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4]
  1. Department of Applied Physics and Photonics (TW-TONA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)
  2. Institute of Applied Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Schlossgartenstrasse 7, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)
  3. Laboratoire Materiaux Optiques, Photonique et Systemes (LMOPS), CNRS UMR-7132, Supelec, 2 Rue Edouard Belin, F-57070 Metz (France)
  4. (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20786781
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.013810; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; CAVITY RESONATORS; CORRELATIONS; EMISSION; OSCILLATIONS; POLARIZATION; PULSES; SEMICONDUCTOR LASERS; SURFACES; TIME DELAY; VARIATIONS

Citation Formats

Tabaka, Andrzej, Thienpont, Hugo, Veretennicoff, Irina, Panajotov, Krassimir, Peil, Michael, Elsaesser, Wolfgang, Sciamanna, Marc, Fischer, Ingo, and Institute of Applied Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Schlossgartenstrasse 7, 64289 Darmstadt. Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Tabaka, Andrzej, Thienpont, Hugo, Veretennicoff, Irina, Panajotov, Krassimir, Peil, Michael, Elsaesser, Wolfgang, Sciamanna, Marc, Fischer, Ingo, & Institute of Applied Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Schlossgartenstrasse 7, 64289 Darmstadt. Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
Tabaka, Andrzej, Thienpont, Hugo, Veretennicoff, Irina, Panajotov, Krassimir, Peil, Michael, Elsaesser, Wolfgang, Sciamanna, Marc, Fischer, Ingo, and Institute of Applied Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Schlossgartenstrasse 7, 64289 Darmstadt. Sun . "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0.
@article{osti_20786781,
title = {Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: Pulse packages and polarization mode competition},
author = {Tabaka, Andrzej and Thienpont, Hugo and Veretennicoff, Irina and Panajotov, Krassimir and Peil, Michael and Elsaesser, Wolfgang and Sciamanna, Marc and Fischer, Ingo and Institute of Applied Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Schlossgartenstrasse 7, 64289 Darmstadt},
abstractNote = {We study the influence of delayed optical feedback from a short external cavity (EC) on the emission dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers (VCSELs). We find the emergence of pulse packages (PP) exhibiting characteristics which originate from the interplay of time-delay induced dynamics and polarization mode (PM) competition. We provide detailed analysis of the polarization dynamics applying complementary cross-correlation and spectral analysis techniques. The analysis reveals an interplay of the dynamics linked to the hierarchy of time scales present in the laser system: the fast time scale of the EC delay, the slower time scale of the PP, and the slow time scale of the polarization mode competition. For an analysis of the dynamics we provide a toolbox of methods adapted to the different relevant time scales and temporal variations of the dynamics. This complementary view unveils distinct changes in the relative oscillation phase of the two PM for increasing the injection current on both the fast and the slow time scales. Our results emphasize the significance of the polarization mode competition for PP dynamics in VCSELs, contrasting the observed behavior to what was reported for edge emitters.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 1,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
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