skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Entanglement of assistance and multipartite state distillation

Abstract

We find that the asymptotic entanglement of assistance of a general bipartite mixed state is equal to the smaller of its two local entropies. Our protocol gives rise to the asymptotically optimal Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pair distillation procedure for a given tripartite pure state, and we show that it actually yields EPR and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states; in fact, under a restricted class of protocols, which we call ''one-way broadcasting,'' the GHZ rate is shown to be optimal. This result implies a capacity theorem for quantum channels where the environment helps transmission by broadcasting the outcome of an optimally chosen measurement. We discuss generalizations to m parties and show (for m=4) that the maximal amount of entanglement that can be localized between two parties is given by the smallest entropy of a group of parties of which the one party is a member, but not the other. This gives an explicit expression for the asymptotic localizable entanglement and shows that any nontrivial ground state of a spin system can be used as a perfect quantum repeater if many copies are available in parallel. Finally, we provide evidence that any unital channel is asymptotically equivalent to a mixture of unitaries and any generalmore » channel to a mixture of partial isometries.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)
  2. Institute for Quantum Information, Caltech 107-81, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
  3. (Germany)
  4. Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20786469
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 72; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.72.052317; (c) 2005 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; CAPACITY; ENTROPY; GROUND STATES; MIXED STATE; MIXTURES; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; QUANTUM MECHANICS; SPIN

Citation Formats

Smolin, John A., Verstraete, Frank, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str.1, 85748 Garching, and Winter, Andreas. Entanglement of assistance and multipartite state distillation. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.72.0.
Smolin, John A., Verstraete, Frank, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str.1, 85748 Garching, & Winter, Andreas. Entanglement of assistance and multipartite state distillation. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.72.0.
Smolin, John A., Verstraete, Frank, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str.1, 85748 Garching, and Winter, Andreas. Tue . "Entanglement of assistance and multipartite state distillation". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.72.0.
@article{osti_20786469,
title = {Entanglement of assistance and multipartite state distillation},
author = {Smolin, John A. and Verstraete, Frank and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str.1, 85748 Garching and Winter, Andreas},
abstractNote = {We find that the asymptotic entanglement of assistance of a general bipartite mixed state is equal to the smaller of its two local entropies. Our protocol gives rise to the asymptotically optimal Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pair distillation procedure for a given tripartite pure state, and we show that it actually yields EPR and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states; in fact, under a restricted class of protocols, which we call ''one-way broadcasting,'' the GHZ rate is shown to be optimal. This result implies a capacity theorem for quantum channels where the environment helps transmission by broadcasting the outcome of an optimally chosen measurement. We discuss generalizations to m parties and show (for m=4) that the maximal amount of entanglement that can be localized between two parties is given by the smallest entropy of a group of parties of which the one party is a member, but not the other. This gives an explicit expression for the asymptotic localizable entanglement and shows that any nontrivial ground state of a spin system can be used as a perfect quantum repeater if many copies are available in parallel. Finally, we provide evidence that any unital channel is asymptotically equivalent to a mixture of unitaries and any general channel to a mixture of partial isometries.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.72.0},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 5,
volume = 72,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Tue Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}
  • Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with the help of the privacy squeezing technique.
  • We investigate multipartite entanglement in relation to the process of quantum state exchange. In particular, we consider such entanglement for a certain pure state involving two groups of N trapped atoms. The state, which can be produced via quantum state exchange, is analogous to the steady-state intracavity state of the subthreshold optical nondegenerate parametric amplifier. We show that, first, it possesses some 2N-way entanglement. Second, we place a lower bound on the amount of such entanglement in the state using a measure called the entanglement of minimum bipartite entropy.
  • Reversible state transformations under entanglement nonincreasing operations give rise to entanglement measures. It is well known that asymptotic local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are required to get a simple operational measure of bipartite pure state entanglement. For bipartite mixed states and multipartite pure states it is likely that a more powerful class of operations will be needed. To this end more powerful versions of state transformations (or reducibilities), namely, LOCCq (asymptotic LOCC with a sublinear amount of quantum communication) and CLOCC (asymptotic LOCC with catalysis) have been considered in the literature. In this paper we show that LOCCq statemore » transformations are only as powerful as asymptotic LOCC state transformations for multipartite pure states. The basic tool we use is multipartite entanglement gambling: Any pure multipartite entangled state can be transformed to an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pair shared by some pair of parties and any irreducible m-party pure state (m{>=}2) can be used to create any other state (pure or mixed) using LOCC. We consider applications of multipartite entanglement gambling to multipartite distillability and to characterizations of multipartite minimal entanglement generating sets. We briefly consider generalizations of this result to mixed states by defining the class of cat-distillable states, i.e., states from which cat states (vertical bar 0{sup xm}>+vertical bar 1{sup xm}>) may be distilled.« less
  • We explicitly show a protocol in which an arbitrary two qubit state vertical bar {phi}>=a vertical bar 00>+b vertical bar 01>+c vertical bar 10>+d vertical bar 11> is faithfully and deterministically teleported from Alice to Bob. We construct the 16 orthogonal generalized Bell states that can be used to teleport the two qubits. The local operations Bob must perform on his qubits in order to recover the teleported state are also constructed. They are restricted only to single-qubit gates. This means that a controlled-NOT gate is not necessary to complete the protocol. A generalization where N qubits are teleported ismore » also shown. We define a generalized magic basis, which possesses interesting properties. These properties help us to suggest a generalized concurrence from which we construct a measure of entanglement that has a clear physical interpretation: A multipartite state has maximum entanglement if it is a genuine quantum teleportation channel.« less
  • The multipartite state in the Rigolin's protocol [Phys. Rev. A 71, 032303 (2005)] for teleporting an arbitrary two-qubit state is just a product state of N Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pairs in essence, not a genuine multipartite entangled state, and this protocol in principle is equivalent to the Yang-Guo protocol [Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 162 (2000)].