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Title: Preparation of uniform rhodamine B-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres

Abstract

Uniform rhodamine B (RB)-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres with catalytic and fluorescent properties were prepared by an easy and economical method in this paper. The composite microspheres were built up with well-dispersed silica particles as the cores, RB as both the doped agent and stabilizer, and the TiO{sub 2} shells were obtained through the hydrolysis of TiCl{sub 4} in water bath. The morphology and structure of the particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The characterization results indicate that composite particles are all in spherical shape and have a narrow size distribution. The composite particles calcined above 500 deg. C reveal clear crystalline reflection peaks of the rutile TiO{sub 2} which exhibits well catalytic property. The photocatalytic experiment was carried out in order to examine the catalytic property of composite microspheres. The fluorescent property of particles was also investigated. Dye-leakage test indicates that RB molecules entrapped in the composite particles by this method are stable inside the particles.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China)
  2. Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China). E-mail: chuying@nenu.edu.cn
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20784883
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 179; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2005.11.006; PII: S0022-4596(05)00519-0; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; DOPED MATERIALS; HYDROLYSIS; MICROSPHERES; RUTILE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICA; SILICON OXIDES; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; TITANIUM CHLORIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Yang Fuyong, Chu Ying, Huo Lei, Yang Yang, Liu Yang, and Liu Jinglin. Preparation of uniform rhodamine B-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2005.11.006.
Yang Fuyong, Chu Ying, Huo Lei, Yang Yang, Liu Yang, & Liu Jinglin. Preparation of uniform rhodamine B-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2005.11.006.
Yang Fuyong, Chu Ying, Huo Lei, Yang Yang, Liu Yang, and Liu Jinglin. Wed . "Preparation of uniform rhodamine B-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2005.11.006.
@article{osti_20784883,
title = {Preparation of uniform rhodamine B-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres},
author = {Yang Fuyong and Chu Ying and Huo Lei and Yang Yang and Liu Yang and Liu Jinglin},
abstractNote = {Uniform rhodamine B (RB)-doped SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres with catalytic and fluorescent properties were prepared by an easy and economical method in this paper. The composite microspheres were built up with well-dispersed silica particles as the cores, RB as both the doped agent and stabilizer, and the TiO{sub 2} shells were obtained through the hydrolysis of TiCl{sub 4} in water bath. The morphology and structure of the particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The characterization results indicate that composite particles are all in spherical shape and have a narrow size distribution. The composite particles calcined above 500 deg. C reveal clear crystalline reflection peaks of the rutile TiO{sub 2} which exhibits well catalytic property. The photocatalytic experiment was carried out in order to examine the catalytic property of composite microspheres. The fluorescent property of particles was also investigated. Dye-leakage test indicates that RB molecules entrapped in the composite particles by this method are stable inside the particles.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jssc.2005.11.006},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = 2,
volume = 179,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres with microporous SiO{sub 2} core/mesoporous TiO{sub 2} shell structures were prepared by hydrolysis of titanium tetrabutylorthotitanate (TTBT) in the presence of microporous silica microspheres using hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a surface esterification agent and porous template, and then dried and calcined at different temperatures. The as-prepared products were characterized with differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric (DTA/TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption. The results showed that composite particles were about 1.8{mu}m in diameter, and had a spherical morphology and a narrow size distribution. Uniform mesoporous titania coatings on the surfaces of microporousmore » silica microspheres could be obtained by adjusting the HPC concentration to an optimal concentration of about 3.2mmolL{sup -1}. The anatase and rutile phase in the SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres began to form at 700 and 900 deg. C, respectively. At 700 deg. C, the specific surface area and pore volume of the SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} composite microspheres were 552 and 0.652mLg{sup -1}, respectively. However, at 900 deg. C, the specific surface area and pore volume significantly decreased due to the phase transformation from anatase to rutile.« less
  • Optically active polyurethane/titania/silica (LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}) multilayered core-shell composite microspheres were prepared by the combination of titania deposition on the surface of silica spheres and subsequent polymer grafting. LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} was characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), SEM and TEM, and the infrared emissivity value (8-14 {mu}m) was investigated in addition. The results indicated that titania and polyurethane had been successfully coated onto the surfaces of silica microspheres. LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} exhibited clearly multilayered core-shell construction. The infrared emissivity values reduced along with the increase of covering layers thus provedmore » that the interfacial interactions had direct influence on the infrared emissivity. Besides, LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} multilayered microspheres based on the optically active polyurethane took advantages of the orderly secondary structure and strengthened interfacial synergistic actions. Consequently, it possessed the lowest infrared emissivity value. - Graphical Abstract: Optically active polyurethane/titania/silica (LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}) multilayered core-shell composite microspheres were prepared by the combination of titania deposition on the surface of silica spheres and subsequent polymer grafting. Highlights: > Optically active polyurethane based on tyrosine was used for the modification of nanoparticles. > LPU/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} multilayered core-shell microspheres were prepared and characterized. > Interfacial interactions and secondary structure affected the infrared emissivity of composite.« less
  • Glass–ceramics formed by controlled crystallization of Li 2O–Al 2O 3–SiO 2 (LAS) parent glasses are well-known for their low thermal expansion and transparency. In order to promote bulk crystallization, it is necessary to add nucleating agents like TiO 2 and ZrO 2 to the glass composition leading to ZrTiO 4 nuclei during heating, followed by the crystallization of a β-quartz phase that transforms into β-spodumene at higher temperature. Generally, these glass–ceramics present a yellowish-brown coloration whose intensity increases with the crystallization rate and that is partly due to coloring elements like titanium. In this study, we investigated the origin ofmore » the evolution of the color of LAS glasses and glass–ceramics by varying the TiO 2 concentration. To do this, several TiO 2-bearing LAS glasses (with TiO 2 ranging from 0 to 4 mol% and 1 mol% ZrO 2) were prepared and heat treated at a given temperature (925 °C) to study the impact of the TiO 2 concentration on their crystallization behavior and their color. The crystallization and microstructure of LAS glasses and glass–ceramics were studied by DTA, XRD and TEM whereas their structure was investigated by EPR, optical and X-ray absorption spectroscopies. From all the results obtained, the evolution of the optical absorption and coloration of LAS glasses and glass–ceramics was mainly explained by Ti 4+–O 2- charge transfer (glasses) and by gap absorption and Rayleigh scattering of nanocrystals (glass–ceramics).« less
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  • Highlights: • The formation of anatase phase only, whatever are Ni content and annealing duration. • Transmission and PL spectra redshifted with Ni content and annealing duration. • PL lowering with Ni content is due to the recombination rate of electron–hole reduction. • Annealing duration increases the recombination rate and then the PL intensity rises. • Increasing Ni content improves waveguiding properties and then two TE modes appear. - Abstract: We investigated the nickel doped TiO{sub 2} layer and annealing duration effects on SiO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} Bragg reflectors. The films crystallize in pure anatase phase whatever is the Ni contentmore » and the annealing duration. In UV–vis-NIR analyses, variations of width, position and transmission coefficient of the stop-band were observed. The PL spectra red-shifted when the Ni content and annealing duration increased. As the annealing duration increases, an additional sharp emission peak appears around 867 nm, indicating a reduced number of defects. As Ni content increased, the M-lines spectroscopy shows two transverse electric polarization guided modes TE{sub 0} and TE{sub 1}, which indicates a decreased refractive index and an increased film thickness.« less