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Title: The cytokine-dependent MUTZ-3 cell line as an in vitro model for the screening of contact sensitizers

Abstract

Langerhans cells (LC) are key mediators of contact allergenicity in the skin. However, no in vitro methods exist which are based on the activation process of LC to predict the sensitization potential of chemicals. In this study, we have evaluated the performances of MUTZ-3, a cytokine-dependent human monocytic cell line, in its response to sensitizers. First, we compared undifferentiated MUTZ-3 cells with several standard human cells such as THP-1, KG-1, HL-60, K-562, and U-937 in their response to the strong sensitizer DNCB and the irritant SDS by monitoring the expression levels of HLA-DR, CD54, and CD86 by flow cytometry. Only MUTZ-3 and THP-1 cells show a strong and specific response to sensitizer, while other cell lines showed very variable responses. Then, we tested MUTZ-3 cells against a wider panel of sensitizers and irritants on a broader spectrum of cell surface markers (HLA-DR, CD40, CD54, CD80, CD86, B7-H1, B7-H2, B7-DC). Of these markers, CD86 proved to be the most reliable since it detected all sensitizers, including benzocaine, a classical false negative in local lymph node assay (LLNA) but not irritants. We confirmed the MUTZ-3 response to DNCB by real-time PCR analysis. Taken together, our data suggest that undifferentiated MUTZ-3 cells maymore » represent a valuable in vitro model for the screening of potential sensitizers.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. AFSSAPS, Unite BCM, 635 Rue de la Garenne, 34740 Vendargues (France)
  2. Laboratoire de Toxicologie, Faculte de Pharmacie (UM1), 15 av Charles Flahault, BP 14491, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)
  3. AFSSAPS, Unite BCM, 635 Rue de la Garenne, 34740 Vendargues (France). E-mail: jean-claude.ourlin@afssaps.sante.fr
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20783449
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 212; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2005.06.018; PII: S0041-008X(05)00383-2; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANIMAL CELLS; CELL CULTURES; IN VITRO; LYMPH NODES; PERFORMANCE; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; SCREENING; SENSITIZERS; SKIN

Citation Formats

Azam, Philippe, Peiffer, Jean-Luc, Chamousset, Delphine, Tissier, Marie-Helene, Bonnet, Pierre-Antoine, Vian, Laurence, Fabre, Isabelle, and Ourlin, Jean-Claude. The cytokine-dependent MUTZ-3 cell line as an in vitro model for the screening of contact sensitizers. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2005.06.018.
Azam, Philippe, Peiffer, Jean-Luc, Chamousset, Delphine, Tissier, Marie-Helene, Bonnet, Pierre-Antoine, Vian, Laurence, Fabre, Isabelle, & Ourlin, Jean-Claude. The cytokine-dependent MUTZ-3 cell line as an in vitro model for the screening of contact sensitizers. United States. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2005.06.018.
Azam, Philippe, Peiffer, Jean-Luc, Chamousset, Delphine, Tissier, Marie-Helene, Bonnet, Pierre-Antoine, Vian, Laurence, Fabre, Isabelle, and Ourlin, Jean-Claude. Sat . "The cytokine-dependent MUTZ-3 cell line as an in vitro model for the screening of contact sensitizers". United States. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2005.06.018.
@article{osti_20783449,
title = {The cytokine-dependent MUTZ-3 cell line as an in vitro model for the screening of contact sensitizers},
author = {Azam, Philippe and Peiffer, Jean-Luc and Chamousset, Delphine and Tissier, Marie-Helene and Bonnet, Pierre-Antoine and Vian, Laurence and Fabre, Isabelle and Ourlin, Jean-Claude},
abstractNote = {Langerhans cells (LC) are key mediators of contact allergenicity in the skin. However, no in vitro methods exist which are based on the activation process of LC to predict the sensitization potential of chemicals. In this study, we have evaluated the performances of MUTZ-3, a cytokine-dependent human monocytic cell line, in its response to sensitizers. First, we compared undifferentiated MUTZ-3 cells with several standard human cells such as THP-1, KG-1, HL-60, K-562, and U-937 in their response to the strong sensitizer DNCB and the irritant SDS by monitoring the expression levels of HLA-DR, CD54, and CD86 by flow cytometry. Only MUTZ-3 and THP-1 cells show a strong and specific response to sensitizer, while other cell lines showed very variable responses. Then, we tested MUTZ-3 cells against a wider panel of sensitizers and irritants on a broader spectrum of cell surface markers (HLA-DR, CD40, CD54, CD80, CD86, B7-H1, B7-H2, B7-DC). Of these markers, CD86 proved to be the most reliable since it detected all sensitizers, including benzocaine, a classical false negative in local lymph node assay (LLNA) but not irritants. We confirmed the MUTZ-3 response to DNCB by real-time PCR analysis. Taken together, our data suggest that undifferentiated MUTZ-3 cells may represent a valuable in vitro model for the screening of potential sensitizers.},
doi = {10.1016/j.taap.2005.06.018},
journal = {Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology},
number = 1,
volume = 212,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • In vitro tests are needed to replace animal tests to screen for the skin sensitization potential of chemicals. Skin sensitizers are electrophilic molecules and the Nrf2-electrophile-sensing pathway comprising the repressor protein Keap1, the transcription factor Nrf2 and the antioxidant response element (ARE) is emerging as a toxicity pathway induced by skin sensitizers. Previously, we screened a large set of chemicals in the reporter cell line AREc32, which contains an eight-fold repeat of the rat GSTA2 ARE-sequence upstream of a luciferase reporter gene in the human breast cancer cell line MCF7. This approach was now further developed to bring it closermore » to the conditions in the human skin and to propose a fully standardized assay. To this end, a luciferase reporter gene under control of a single copy of the ARE-element of the human AKR1C2 gene was stably inserted into HaCaT keratinocytes. A standard operating procedure was developed whereby chemicals are routinely tested at 12 concentrations in triplicate for significant induction of gene activity. We report results from this novel assay on (i) a list of reference chemicals published by ECVAM, (ii) the ICCVAM list of chemicals for validation of alternative endpoints in the LLNA and (iii) on a more general list of 67 chemicals derived from the ICCVAM database. For comparison, peptide reactivity data are presented for the same chemicals. The results indicate a good predictive value of this approach for hazard identification. Its technical simplicity, the high-throughput format and the good predictivity may make this assay a candidate for rapid validation to meet the tight deadline to replace animal tests for skin sensitization by 2013 set by the European authorities.« less
  • A subline of L5178Y cells has been established in vitro that exhibits a fiftyfold order of resistance to 5-fluorouracil (FUra) as compared to that of the parent line. The cytotoxic effects of 24-hour exposures to 23 antitumor drugs and to radiation were compared in the two cell lines. Four patterns of response were identified: 1) Only two drugs, mitomycin C and adriamycin, proved significantly more cytotoxic to FUra-resistant cells. 2) Four other drugs--anguidine, 4'-(9-acridinylamino)-methanesulfon-m-anisidide, melphalan, and quelamycin--showed marginal superiority against resistant cells. 3) X-radiation and the majority of drugs tested--including 5-azacytidine, 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea, cisplatin, bleomycin, dibromodulcitol, razoxane, hydroxyurea, methotrexate, teniposide, etoposide,more » and three experimental agents, metoprine, spirogermanium HCl, and ellipticinum--proved equally cytotoxic to both cell lines. 4) Cross-resistance with FUra was exhibited with vincristine, vindesine, pyrazofurin, and indicine-N-oxide. This experimental system provides a simple method of testing agents for activity against FUra-resistant cells before phase 1 clinical studies.« less
  • The effect of elevated temperature (44 degrees) on the intracellular uptake of the 2-nitroimidazole hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, misonidazole (MIS), and analogues more hydrophilic than MIS was studied in Chinese hamster ovary cells. It was found that the intracellular uptake of these compounds which enter cells by restricted passive diffusion can be enhanced approximately 4-fold when incubated at 44 degrees compared to the uptake at 37 degrees. Peak intracellular uptake (expressed as the ratio of intracellular concentration to extracellular concentration) following incubation of cells in 2 mM MIS was 100% at 44 degrees but only 25% at 37 degrees. Furthermore, amore » short-term nonlethal heat pulse (44 degrees for 15 min) with MIS present caused a 2-fold enhancement in uptake which was sustained for an additional 45 min at 37 degrees. This same nonlethal heat pulse was found to induce a similar enhancement in uptake even when MIS was added at subsequent time intervals at 37 degrees. The heat pulse induced a time-related enhancement of uptake at 37 degrees which increased for 1 hr and persisted for at least 6 hr. Finally, in vitro radiosensitization studies of hypoxic Chinese hamster ovary cells showed that the nonlethal heat pulse of 44 degrees for 15 min could greatly enhance the sensitization by low concentrations (0.5 mM) of MIS added after heating due to increased intracellular concentrations of the drug. MIS (0.5 mM) alone achieved a radiosensitization enhancement ratio of 1.29 (compared to irradiated hypoxic cells alone), while the addition of the short-term heat pulse, which had only a minor effect itself, achieved an enhancement ratio of 1.78.« less
  • The enhancement of melphalan toxicity was observed by preincubation of V-79-379A cells in spinner culture with multiple doses of misonidazole (miso) or SR-2508 under hypoxic conditions. Chemosensitization was shown to be a function of sensitizer concentration and duration of exposure to the alkylating agent. Cells preincubated with miso not only had lower levels of nonprotein thiols, but also were shown to have altered levels of intracellular calcium and a lower threshold to oxidative stress as measured by toxicity to cysteamine or H/sub 2/O/sub 2/. Preincubated cells, hypoxic cells, and cells receiving moderate hyperthermia (42.5/sup 0/C for 3 hr) all showedmore » increased sensitivity to either cysteamine or H/sub 2/O/sub 2/. The increased killing of preincubated cells by cysteamine was shown to be similar to that of H/sub 2/O/sub 2/, and the dramatic reduction of cysteamine toxicity by catalase indicated H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ was the major reaction associated with this effect. These results indicate that preincubated cells exhibit a variety of biological effects that may significantly influence their response to further treatment with drugs or radiation, especially where peroxidative and free radical mechanisms are involved.« less