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Title: Induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and formation of DNA adducts in C57BL/6, Balb/c, and F1 mice following in utero exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene

Abstract

Fetal mice are more sensitive to chemical carcinogens than are adults. Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated differences in the mutational spectrum induced in the Ki-ras gene from lung tumors isolated from [D2 x B6D2F1]F2 mice and Balb/c mice treated in utero with 3-methylcholanthrene (MC). We thus determined if differences in metabolism, adduct formation, or adduct repair influence strain-specific responses to transplacental MC exposure in C57BL/6 (B6), Balb/c (BC), and reciprocal F1 crosses between these two strains of mice. The induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 in fetal lung and liver tissue was determined by quantitative fluorescent real-time PCR. MC treatment caused maximal induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 RNA 2-8 h after injection in both organs. RNA levels for both genes then declined in both fetal organs, but a small biphasic, secondary increase in Cyp1a1 was observed specifically in the fetal lung 24-48 h after MC exposure in all four strains. Cyp1a1 induction by MC at 4 h was 2-5 times greater in fetal liver (7000- to 16,000-fold) than fetal lung (2000- to 6000-fold). Cyp1b1 induction in both fetal lung and liver was similar and much lower than that observed for Cyp1a1, with induction ratios of 8- to 18-fold in fetalmore » lung and 10- to 20-fold in fetal liver. The overall kinetics and patterns of induction were thus very similar across the four strains of mice. The only significant strain-specific effect appeared to be the relatively poor induction of Cyp1b1 in the parental strain of B6 mice, especially in fetal lung tissue. We also measured the levels of MC adducts and their disappearance from lung tissue by the P{sup 32} post-labeling assay on gestation days 18 and 19 and postnatal days 1, 4, 11, and 18. Few differences were seen between the different strains of mice; the parental strain of B6 mice had nominally higher levels of DNA adducts 2 (gestation day 19) and 4 (postnatal day 1) days after injection, although this was not statistically significant. These results indicate that differences in Phase I metabolism of MC and formation of MC-DNA adducts are unlikely to account for the marked differences observed in the Ki-ras mutational spectrum seen in previous studies. Further, the results suggest that other genetic factors may interact with chemical carcinogens in determining individual susceptibility to these agents during development.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [5]
  1. Department of Cancer Biology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157 (United States)
  2. Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)
  3. Department of Public Health Sciences, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157 (United States)
  4. Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109 (United States)
  5. Department of Cancer Biology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157 (United States). E-mail: msmiller@wfubmc.edu
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20783368
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 209; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2005.03.012; PII: S0041-008X(05)00135-3; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 3-METHYLCHOLANTHRENE; ADENOMAS; AMINO ACIDS; CARCINOGENESIS; CARCINOGENS; DNA ADDUCTS; HYDROXYLASES; LABELLING; LIVER; LUNGS; METABOLISM; MICE; PHOSPHATES; PHOSPHORUS 32; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; RNA; TRANSCRIPTION

Citation Formats

Xu Mian, Nelson, Garret B., Moore, Joseph E., McCoy, Thomas P., Dai, Jian, Manderville, Richard A., Ross, Jeffrey A., and Miller, Mark Steven. Induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and formation of DNA adducts in C57BL/6, Balb/c, and F1 mice following in utero exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene. United States: N. p., 2005. Web.
Xu Mian, Nelson, Garret B., Moore, Joseph E., McCoy, Thomas P., Dai, Jian, Manderville, Richard A., Ross, Jeffrey A., & Miller, Mark Steven. Induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and formation of DNA adducts in C57BL/6, Balb/c, and F1 mice following in utero exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene. United States.
Xu Mian, Nelson, Garret B., Moore, Joseph E., McCoy, Thomas P., Dai, Jian, Manderville, Richard A., Ross, Jeffrey A., and Miller, Mark Steven. Tue . "Induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and formation of DNA adducts in C57BL/6, Balb/c, and F1 mice following in utero exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_20783368,
title = {Induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and formation of DNA adducts in C57BL/6, Balb/c, and F1 mice following in utero exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene},
author = {Xu Mian and Nelson, Garret B. and Moore, Joseph E. and McCoy, Thomas P. and Dai, Jian and Manderville, Richard A. and Ross, Jeffrey A. and Miller, Mark Steven},
abstractNote = {Fetal mice are more sensitive to chemical carcinogens than are adults. Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated differences in the mutational spectrum induced in the Ki-ras gene from lung tumors isolated from [D2 x B6D2F1]F2 mice and Balb/c mice treated in utero with 3-methylcholanthrene (MC). We thus determined if differences in metabolism, adduct formation, or adduct repair influence strain-specific responses to transplacental MC exposure in C57BL/6 (B6), Balb/c (BC), and reciprocal F1 crosses between these two strains of mice. The induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 in fetal lung and liver tissue was determined by quantitative fluorescent real-time PCR. MC treatment caused maximal induction of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 RNA 2-8 h after injection in both organs. RNA levels for both genes then declined in both fetal organs, but a small biphasic, secondary increase in Cyp1a1 was observed specifically in the fetal lung 24-48 h after MC exposure in all four strains. Cyp1a1 induction by MC at 4 h was 2-5 times greater in fetal liver (7000- to 16,000-fold) than fetal lung (2000- to 6000-fold). Cyp1b1 induction in both fetal lung and liver was similar and much lower than that observed for Cyp1a1, with induction ratios of 8- to 18-fold in fetal lung and 10- to 20-fold in fetal liver. The overall kinetics and patterns of induction were thus very similar across the four strains of mice. The only significant strain-specific effect appeared to be the relatively poor induction of Cyp1b1 in the parental strain of B6 mice, especially in fetal lung tissue. We also measured the levels of MC adducts and their disappearance from lung tissue by the P{sup 32} post-labeling assay on gestation days 18 and 19 and postnatal days 1, 4, 11, and 18. Few differences were seen between the different strains of mice; the parental strain of B6 mice had nominally higher levels of DNA adducts 2 (gestation day 19) and 4 (postnatal day 1) days after injection, although this was not statistically significant. These results indicate that differences in Phase I metabolism of MC and formation of MC-DNA adducts are unlikely to account for the marked differences observed in the Ki-ras mutational spectrum seen in previous studies. Further, the results suggest that other genetic factors may interact with chemical carcinogens in determining individual susceptibility to these agents during development.},
doi = {},
journal = {Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology},
number = 1,
volume = 209,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Tue Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}