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Title: Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure

Abstract

National development plans were started to be prepared in Turkey in 1963. These plans are mandatory for public investments and guiding principles for private investments. They have a quality which guides and sets objectives for other plans in the country. Therefore, they can be evaluated as the main reason of successes and failures of sectoral investments or the problems that they cause directly or indirectly. Turkey is undergoing rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth, thus environmental problems are on the increase. Although Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been applied to individual investments in Turkey since 1993, natural environment has continued to be affected because of human activities. Today, parallel to the developments in the world, it has been discussed that it is necessary to strengthen project-level Environmental Assessment (EA) and to practice Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). The interest in SEA, that is, EA at the level of proposed policies, plans and programs has grown significantly since 2000 in the country. Discussions and preparations have started about regulation which provides the legal and institutional framework for SEA in The Ministry of Environment and Forestry. However, since the scientific approach into the subject is very new in Turkey, it will take timemore » to answer the questions about how and in what fields to practice. This research project aims at analyzing the possible practice opportunities of SEA in Turkey and the practicability of SEA into the National Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) which is assumed at the highest level of planning hierarchy in the country. The research is conducted on two sections. In the first section, procedural approaches to SEA on national development plans are investigated and a framework for these approaches is adapted at the institutional level. In the second section, SEA form for energy sector in the development plans is developed. In this article, the findings related to the first part of the project are given.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Cukurova University, Department of Landscape Architecture, 01330 Balcali, Adana (Turkey). E-mail: nursay@cu.edu.tr
  2. Cukurova University, Department of Landscape Architecture, 01330 Balcali, Adana (Turkey)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20783331
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Impact Assessment Review; Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2005.08.002; PII: S0195-9255(05)00115-0; Copyright (c) 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENT; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; FORESTRY; INVESTMENT; PLANNING; REGULATIONS; SEAS; TURKEY

Citation Formats

Say, Nuriye Peker, and Yuecel, Muzaffer. Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2005.08.002.
Say, Nuriye Peker, & Yuecel, Muzaffer. Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure. United States. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2005.08.002.
Say, Nuriye Peker, and Yuecel, Muzaffer. Sat . "Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure". United States. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2005.08.002.
@article{osti_20783331,
title = {Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure},
author = {Say, Nuriye Peker and Yuecel, Muzaffer},
abstractNote = {National development plans were started to be prepared in Turkey in 1963. These plans are mandatory for public investments and guiding principles for private investments. They have a quality which guides and sets objectives for other plans in the country. Therefore, they can be evaluated as the main reason of successes and failures of sectoral investments or the problems that they cause directly or indirectly. Turkey is undergoing rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth, thus environmental problems are on the increase. Although Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been applied to individual investments in Turkey since 1993, natural environment has continued to be affected because of human activities. Today, parallel to the developments in the world, it has been discussed that it is necessary to strengthen project-level Environmental Assessment (EA) and to practice Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). The interest in SEA, that is, EA at the level of proposed policies, plans and programs has grown significantly since 2000 in the country. Discussions and preparations have started about regulation which provides the legal and institutional framework for SEA in The Ministry of Environment and Forestry. However, since the scientific approach into the subject is very new in Turkey, it will take time to answer the questions about how and in what fields to practice. This research project aims at analyzing the possible practice opportunities of SEA in Turkey and the practicability of SEA into the National Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) which is assumed at the highest level of planning hierarchy in the country. The research is conducted on two sections. In the first section, procedural approaches to SEA on national development plans are investigated and a framework for these approaches is adapted at the institutional level. In the second section, SEA form for energy sector in the development plans is developed. In this article, the findings related to the first part of the project are given.},
doi = {10.1016/j.eiar.2005.08.002},
journal = {Environmental Impact Assessment Review},
number = 3,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}