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Title: Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations

Abstract

The performance of a spaceborne temperature lidar based on the pure rotational Raman (RR) technique in the UV has been simulated. Results show that such a system deployed onboard a low-Earth-orbit satellite would provide global-scale clear-sky temperature measurements in the troposphere and lower stratosphere with precisions that satisfy World Meteorological Organization (WMO) threshold observational requirements for numerical weather prediction and climate research applications. Furthermore, nighttime temperature measurements would still be within the WMO threshold observational requirements in the presence of several cloud structures. The performance of aerosol extinction measurements from space, which can be carried out simultaneously with temperature measurements by RR lidar, is also assessed. Furthermore, we discuss simulations of relative humidity measurements from space obtained from RR temperature measurements and water-vapor data measured with the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20779325
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Optics; Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: DOI: 10.1364/AO.45.002474; (c) 2006 Optical Society of America; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; AEROSOLS; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; CLIMATES; CLOUDS; FORECASTING; HUMIDITY; LIGHT SCATTERING; OPTICAL RADAR; PARTICLES; PERFORMANCE; SATELLITES; SIMULATION; SKY; STRATOSPHERE; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; TROPOSPHERE; WATER VAPOR; WEATHER; WMO

Citation Formats

Di Girolamo, Paolo, Behrendt, Andreas, and Wulfmeyer, Volker. Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1364/AO.45.0.
Di Girolamo, Paolo, Behrendt, Andreas, & Wulfmeyer, Volker. Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations. United States. doi:10.1364/AO.45.0.
Di Girolamo, Paolo, Behrendt, Andreas, and Wulfmeyer, Volker. Mon . "Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations". United States. doi:10.1364/AO.45.0.
@article{osti_20779325,
title = {Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations},
author = {Di Girolamo, Paolo and Behrendt, Andreas and Wulfmeyer, Volker},
abstractNote = {The performance of a spaceborne temperature lidar based on the pure rotational Raman (RR) technique in the UV has been simulated. Results show that such a system deployed onboard a low-Earth-orbit satellite would provide global-scale clear-sky temperature measurements in the troposphere and lower stratosphere with precisions that satisfy World Meteorological Organization (WMO) threshold observational requirements for numerical weather prediction and climate research applications. Furthermore, nighttime temperature measurements would still be within the WMO threshold observational requirements in the presence of several cloud structures. The performance of aerosol extinction measurements from space, which can be carried out simultaneously with temperature measurements by RR lidar, is also assessed. Furthermore, we discuss simulations of relative humidity measurements from space obtained from RR temperature measurements and water-vapor data measured with the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique.},
doi = {10.1364/AO.45.0},
journal = {Applied Optics},
number = 11,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Apr 10 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Mon Apr 10 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}