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Title: Entropy of seismic electric signals: Analysis in natural time under time reversal

Abstract

Electric signals have been recently recorded at the Earth's surface with amplitudes appreciably larger than those hitherto reported. Their entropy in natural time is smaller than that of a 'uniform' distribution. The same holds for their entropy upon time reversal. Such a behavior, which is also found by numerical simulations in fractional Brownian motion time series and in an on-off intermittency model, stems from infinitely ranged long range temporal correlations and hence these signals are probably seismic electric signal activities (critical dynamics). This classification is strikingly confirmed since three strong nearby earthquakes occurred (which is an extremely unusual fact) after the original submission of the present paper. The entropy fluctuations are found to increase upon approaching bursting, which is reminiscent of the behavior identifying sudden cardiac death individuals when analyzing their electrocardiograms.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]; ;  [1];  [3]
  1. Solid State Section, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens (Greece)
  2. (Greece)
  3. Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Tokai University 3-20-1, Shimizu-Orido, Shizuoka 424-8610 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20778861
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. E, Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.73.031114; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 58 GEOSCIENCES; BROWNIAN MOVEMENT; CLASSIFICATION; CORRELATIONS; EARTHQUAKES; ELECTROCARDIOGRAMS; ENTROPY; FLUCTUATIONS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; SEISMOLOGY; SIGNALS; SIMULATION

Citation Formats

Varotsos, P.A., Skordas, E.S., Solid Earth Physics Institute, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens, Sarlis, N.V., Lazaridou, M.S., and Tanaka, H.K. Entropy of seismic electric signals: Analysis in natural time under time reversal. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVE.73.0.
Varotsos, P.A., Skordas, E.S., Solid Earth Physics Institute, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens, Sarlis, N.V., Lazaridou, M.S., & Tanaka, H.K. Entropy of seismic electric signals: Analysis in natural time under time reversal. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVE.73.0.
Varotsos, P.A., Skordas, E.S., Solid Earth Physics Institute, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens, Sarlis, N.V., Lazaridou, M.S., and Tanaka, H.K. Wed . "Entropy of seismic electric signals: Analysis in natural time under time reversal". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVE.73.0.
@article{osti_20778861,
title = {Entropy of seismic electric signals: Analysis in natural time under time reversal},
author = {Varotsos, P.A. and Skordas, E.S. and Solid Earth Physics Institute, Physics Department, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens and Sarlis, N.V. and Lazaridou, M.S. and Tanaka, H.K.},
abstractNote = {Electric signals have been recently recorded at the Earth's surface with amplitudes appreciably larger than those hitherto reported. Their entropy in natural time is smaller than that of a 'uniform' distribution. The same holds for their entropy upon time reversal. Such a behavior, which is also found by numerical simulations in fractional Brownian motion time series and in an on-off intermittency model, stems from infinitely ranged long range temporal correlations and hence these signals are probably seismic electric signal activities (critical dynamics). This classification is strikingly confirmed since three strong nearby earthquakes occurred (which is an extremely unusual fact) after the original submission of the present paper. The entropy fluctuations are found to increase upon approaching bursting, which is reminiscent of the behavior identifying sudden cardiac death individuals when analyzing their electrocardiograms.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVE.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. E, Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics},
number = 3,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}