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Title: A material sensitivity study on the accuracy of deformable organ registration using linear biomechanical models

Abstract

Model-based deformable organ registration techniques using the finite element method (FEM) have recently been investigated intensively and applied to image-guided adaptive radiotherapy (IGART). These techniques assume that human organs are linearly elastic material, and their mechanical properties are predetermined. Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the tissue material properties is challenging and the properties usually vary between patients. A common issue is therefore the achievable accuracy of the calculation due to the limited access to tissue elastic material constants. In this study, we performed a systematic investigation on this subject based on tissue biomechanics and computer simulations to establish the relationships between achievable registration accuracy and tissue mechanical and organ geometrical properties. Primarily we focused on image registration for three organs: rectal wall, bladder wall, and prostate. The tissue anisotropy due to orientation preference in tissue fiber alignment is captured by using an orthotropic or a transversely isotropic elastic model. First we developed biomechanical models for the rectal wall, bladder wall, and prostate using simplified geometries and investigated the effect of varying material parameters on the resulting organ deformation. Then computer models based on patient image data were constructed, and image registrations were performed. The sensitivity of registration errors was studiedmore » by perturbating the tissue material properties from their mean values while fixing the boundary conditions. The simulation results demonstrated that registration error for a subvolume increases as its distance from the boundary increases. Also, a variable associated with material stability was found to be a dominant factor in registration accuracy in the context of material uncertainty. For hollow thin organs such as rectal walls and bladder walls, the registration errors are limited. Given 30% in material uncertainty, the registration error is limited to within 1.3 mm. For a solid organ such as the prostate, the registration errors are much larger. Given 30% in material uncertainty, the registration error can reach 4.5 mm. However, the registration error distribution for prostates shows that most of the subvolumes have a much smaller registration error. A deformable organ registration technique that uses FEM is a good candidate in IGART if the mean material parameters are available.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20775068
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1118/1.2163838; (c) 2006 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ACCURACY; ANISOTROPY; BLADDER; CARCINOMAS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ERRORS; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; IMAGES; PATIENTS; PROSTATE; RADIOTHERAPY; SENSITIVITY; SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS

Citation Formats

Chi, Y., Liang, J., and Yan, D.. A material sensitivity study on the accuracy of deformable organ registration using linear biomechanical models. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1118/1.2163838.
Chi, Y., Liang, J., & Yan, D.. A material sensitivity study on the accuracy of deformable organ registration using linear biomechanical models. United States. doi:10.1118/1.2163838.
Chi, Y., Liang, J., and Yan, D.. Wed . "A material sensitivity study on the accuracy of deformable organ registration using linear biomechanical models". United States. doi:10.1118/1.2163838.
@article{osti_20775068,
title = {A material sensitivity study on the accuracy of deformable organ registration using linear biomechanical models},
author = {Chi, Y. and Liang, J. and Yan, D.},
abstractNote = {Model-based deformable organ registration techniques using the finite element method (FEM) have recently been investigated intensively and applied to image-guided adaptive radiotherapy (IGART). These techniques assume that human organs are linearly elastic material, and their mechanical properties are predetermined. Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the tissue material properties is challenging and the properties usually vary between patients. A common issue is therefore the achievable accuracy of the calculation due to the limited access to tissue elastic material constants. In this study, we performed a systematic investigation on this subject based on tissue biomechanics and computer simulations to establish the relationships between achievable registration accuracy and tissue mechanical and organ geometrical properties. Primarily we focused on image registration for three organs: rectal wall, bladder wall, and prostate. The tissue anisotropy due to orientation preference in tissue fiber alignment is captured by using an orthotropic or a transversely isotropic elastic model. First we developed biomechanical models for the rectal wall, bladder wall, and prostate using simplified geometries and investigated the effect of varying material parameters on the resulting organ deformation. Then computer models based on patient image data were constructed, and image registrations were performed. The sensitivity of registration errors was studied by perturbating the tissue material properties from their mean values while fixing the boundary conditions. The simulation results demonstrated that registration error for a subvolume increases as its distance from the boundary increases. Also, a variable associated with material stability was found to be a dominant factor in registration accuracy in the context of material uncertainty. For hollow thin organs such as rectal walls and bladder walls, the registration errors are limited. Given 30% in material uncertainty, the registration error is limited to within 1.3 mm. For a solid organ such as the prostate, the registration errors are much larger. Given 30% in material uncertainty, the registration error can reach 4.5 mm. However, the registration error distribution for prostates shows that most of the subvolumes have a much smaller registration error. A deformable organ registration technique that uses FEM is a good candidate in IGART if the mean material parameters are available.},
doi = {10.1118/1.2163838},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 2,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}