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Title: 2006 critical review - health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect

Abstract

Efforts to understand and mitigate the health effects of particulate matter (PM) air pollution have a rich and interesting history. This review focuses on six substantial lines of research that have been pursued since 1997 that have helped elucidate our understanding about the effects of PM on human health. There has been substantial progress in the evaluation of PM health effects at different time-scales of exposure and in the exploration of the shape of the concentration-response function. There has also been emerging evidence of PM-related cardiovascular health effects and growing knowledge regarding interconnected general pathophysiological pathways that link PM exposure with cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality. Despite important gaps in scientific knowledge and continued reasons for some skepticism, a comprehensive evaluation of the research findings provides persuasive evidence that exposure to fine particulate air pollution has adverse effects on cardiopulmonary health. Although much of this research has been motivated by environmental public health policy, these results have important scientific, medical, and public health implications that are broader than debates over legally mandated air quality standards. 502 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States). Department of Economics
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20772646
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: cap3@byu.edu; Journal ID: ISSN 1047-3289
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; HEALTH HAZARDS; PARTICULATES; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; AIR POLLUTION; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; REVIEWS; FOSSIL FUELS; MORTALITY; DATA ANALYSIS; URBAN AREAS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; OILS; FLY ASH; COMBUSTION; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; CHILDREN; TOXICITY; POLLUTION SOURCES; COAL; WOOD FUELS; PUBLIC HEALTH; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES

Citation Formats

Pope, III, C Arden, and Dockery, Douglas W. 2006 critical review - health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Pope, III, C Arden, & Dockery, Douglas W. 2006 critical review - health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect. United States.
Pope, III, C Arden, and Dockery, Douglas W. Thu . "2006 critical review - health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect". United States.
@article{osti_20772646,
title = {2006 critical review - health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect},
author = {Pope, III, C Arden and Dockery, Douglas W},
abstractNote = {Efforts to understand and mitigate the health effects of particulate matter (PM) air pollution have a rich and interesting history. This review focuses on six substantial lines of research that have been pursued since 1997 that have helped elucidate our understanding about the effects of PM on human health. There has been substantial progress in the evaluation of PM health effects at different time-scales of exposure and in the exploration of the shape of the concentration-response function. There has also been emerging evidence of PM-related cardiovascular health effects and growing knowledge regarding interconnected general pathophysiological pathways that link PM exposure with cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality. Despite important gaps in scientific knowledge and continued reasons for some skepticism, a comprehensive evaluation of the research findings provides persuasive evidence that exposure to fine particulate air pollution has adverse effects on cardiopulmonary health. Although much of this research has been motivated by environmental public health policy, these results have important scientific, medical, and public health implications that are broader than debates over legally mandated air quality standards. 502 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association},
issn = {1047-3289},
number = 6,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {6}
}