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Title: {phi} and {omega} production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in a dynamical quark coalescence model

Abstract

Based on the phase-space information obtained from a multiphase transport model within the string-melting scenario for strange and antistrange quarks, we study the yields and transverse-momentum spectra of {phi} mesons and {omega} ({omega}{sup -}+{omega}{sup +}) baryons and their anisotropic flows in Au + Au collisions at RHIC using a dynamical quark coalescence model that includes the effect from quark phase-space distributions inside hadrons. With current quark masses and fixing the {phi} and {omega} radii from fitting measured yields, we first study the ratio of the yield of {omega} baryons to that of {phi} mesons as well as their elliptic and fourth-order flows as functions of their transverse momentum. How the elliptic and fourth-order flows of {phi} mesons and {omega} baryons are related to those of strange and antistrange quarks is then examined. The dependence of these results on {phi} and {omega} radii as well as on the strange quark mass is also studied.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3366 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20771469
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044903; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; BROOKHAVEN RHIC; COALESCENCE; DISTRIBUTION; GOLD 197 REACTIONS; GOLD 197 TARGET; NUCLEAR REACTION YIELD; OMEGA BARYONS; PARTICLE RADII; PHASE SPACE; PHI-1020 MESONS; PHI-1680 MESONS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; S QUARKS; TRANSPORT THEORY; TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM

Citation Formats

Chen Liewen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, and Ko Cheming. {phi} and {omega} production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in a dynamical quark coalescence model. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044903.
Chen Liewen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, & Ko Cheming. {phi} and {omega} production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in a dynamical quark coalescence model. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044903.
Chen Liewen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, and Ko Cheming. Sat . "{phi} and {omega} production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in a dynamical quark coalescence model". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044903.
@article{osti_20771469,
title = {{phi} and {omega} production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions in a dynamical quark coalescence model},
author = {Chen Liewen and Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 and Ko Cheming},
abstractNote = {Based on the phase-space information obtained from a multiphase transport model within the string-melting scenario for strange and antistrange quarks, we study the yields and transverse-momentum spectra of {phi} mesons and {omega} ({omega}{sup -}+{omega}{sup +}) baryons and their anisotropic flows in Au + Au collisions at RHIC using a dynamical quark coalescence model that includes the effect from quark phase-space distributions inside hadrons. With current quark masses and fixing the {phi} and {omega} radii from fitting measured yields, we first study the ratio of the yield of {omega} baryons to that of {phi} mesons as well as their elliptic and fourth-order flows as functions of their transverse momentum. How the elliptic and fourth-order flows of {phi} mesons and {omega} baryons are related to those of strange and antistrange quarks is then examined. The dependence of these results on {phi} and {omega} radii as well as on the strange quark mass is also studied.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.73.044903},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}
  • We report the results on the transverse momentum spectra of {phi} mesons and {omega} ({omega}- + {omega}(bar sign)+) baryons as well as their anisotropic flows in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, obtained from a dynamical quark coalescence model that uses the quark phase-space information from a multi-phase transport (AMPT) model within the string melting scenario and includes the quark structure of hadrons.
  • The hadron production in relativistic heavy ion collisions is well described by the quark combination model. The mixed ratios for various hadrons and the transverse momentum spectra for long-life hadrons are predicted and agree with recent Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider data. The production rates for the pentaquarks {theta}{sup +} and {theta}{sup *++} and the di-baryon ({omega}{omega}){sub 0{sup +}} are estimated, neglecting the effect from the transition amplitude for constituent quarks to form an exotic state.
  • A quark model of kaon coalescence is developed which involves annihilation of the nonstrange quark pair in the process of forming a {phi} particle. Comparison is made with data on {phi} production with Si + Au collisions at the alternating-gradient synchrotron. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
  • We present results for the measurement of {phi} meson production via its charged kaon decay channel {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} in Au+Au collisions at {radical}S{sub NN} = 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, and in p+p and d+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV from the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) {phi} meson transverse momentum (p{sub T}) spectra in central Au+Au collisions are found to be well described by a single exponential distribution. On the other hand, the p{sub T} spectra from p+p, d+Au, and peripheral Au+Au collisions showmore » power-law tails at intermediate and high p{sub T} and are described better by Levy distributions. The constant {phi}/K{sup -} yield ratio vs beam species, collision centrality, and colliding energy is in contradiction with expectations from models having kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for {phi} production at RHIC. The {Omega}/{phi} yield ratio as a function of p{sub T} is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal s quarks up to p{sub T} {approx} 4 GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, R{sub dAu}, for the {phi} meson increases above unity at intermediate p{sub T}, similar to that for pions and protons, while R{sub AA} is suppressed due to the energy loss effect in central Au+Au collisions. Number of constituent quark scaling of both R{sub cp} and v{sub 2} for the {phi} meson with respect to other hadrons in Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV at intermediate p{sub T} is observed. These observations support quark coalescence as being the dominant mechanism of hadronization in the intermediate p{sub T} region at RHIC.« less
  • We present results for the measurement of {phi} meson production via its charged kaon decay channel {phi}{yields}K{sup +}K{sup -} in Au+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=62.4,130, and 200 GeV, and in p+p and d+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV from the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The midrapidity (|y|<0.5) {phi} meson transverse momentum (p{sub T}) spectra in central Au+Au collisions are found to be well described by a single exponential distribution. On the other hand, the p{sub T} spectra from p+p, d+Au, and peripheral Au+Au collisions show power-law tails at intermediate and high p{sub T} andmore » are described better by Levy distributions. The constant {phi}/K{sup -} yield ratio vs beam species, collision centrality, and colliding energy is in contradiction with expectations from models having kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for {phi} production at RHIC. The {omega}/{phi} yield ratio as a function of p{sub T} is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal s quarks up to p{sub T}{approx}4 GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, R{sub dAu}, for the {phi} meson increases above unity at intermediate p{sub T}, similar to that for pions and protons, while R{sub AA} is suppressed due to the energy loss effect in central Au+Au collisions. Number of constituent quark scaling of both R{sub cp} and v{sub 2} for the {phi} meson with respect to other hadrons in Au+Au collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV at intermediate p{sub T} is observed. These observations support quark coalescence as being the dominant mechanism of hadronization in the intermediate p{sub T} region at RHIC.« less