skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Secondary neutron-production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets

Abstract

Secondary neutron-production cross sections have been measured from interactions of 290 MeV/nucleon C and 600 MeV/nucleon Ne in a target composed of simulated Martian regolith and polyethylene, and from 400 MeV/nucleon Ne interactions in wall material from the International Space Station. The data were measured between 5 deg. and 80 deg. in the laboratory. We report the double-differential cross sections, angular distributions, and total neutron-production cross sections from all three systems. The spectra from all three systems exhibit behavior previously reported in other heavy-ion neutron-production experiments, namely, a peak at forward angles near the energy corresponding to the beam velocity, with the remaining spectra generated by pre-equilibrium and equilibrium processes. The double-differential cross sections are fitted with a moving-source parametrization. Also reported are the data without corrections for neutron flux attenuation in the target and other intervening materials and for neutron production in nontarget materials near the target position. These uncorrected spectra are compared with SHIELD-HIT and PHITS transport model calculations. The transport model calculations reproduce the spectral shapes well but, on average, underestimate the magnitudes of the cross sections.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]; ; ;  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. MS 74-197, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. Department of Accelerator Physics and Engineering, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)
  3. Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center, Tohoku University, Aoba, Aramaki, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)
  4. National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States)
  5. Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501 (Japan)
  6. Department of Medical Radiation Physics, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Box 260, S-171 76 Stockholm (Sweden)
  7. Department of Neutron Research, Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, RU-117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20771273
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024603; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; ATTENUATION; CARBON 12 REACTIONS; CORRECTIONS; DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS; NEON 20 REACTIONS; NEUTRON FLUX; NEUTRONS; PARTICLE PRODUCTION; POLYETHYLENES; TRANSPORT THEORY

Citation Formats

Heilbronn, L., Iwata, Y., Murakami, T., Iwase, H., Sato, H., Nakamura, T., Ronningen, R.M., Ieki, K., Gudowska, I., and Sobolevsky, N. Secondary neutron-production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024603.
Heilbronn, L., Iwata, Y., Murakami, T., Iwase, H., Sato, H., Nakamura, T., Ronningen, R.M., Ieki, K., Gudowska, I., & Sobolevsky, N. Secondary neutron-production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024603.
Heilbronn, L., Iwata, Y., Murakami, T., Iwase, H., Sato, H., Nakamura, T., Ronningen, R.M., Ieki, K., Gudowska, I., and Sobolevsky, N. Wed . "Secondary neutron-production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024603.
@article{osti_20771273,
title = {Secondary neutron-production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets},
author = {Heilbronn, L. and Iwata, Y. and Murakami, T. and Iwase, H. and Sato, H. and Nakamura, T. and Ronningen, R.M. and Ieki, K. and Gudowska, I. and Sobolevsky, N.},
abstractNote = {Secondary neutron-production cross sections have been measured from interactions of 290 MeV/nucleon C and 600 MeV/nucleon Ne in a target composed of simulated Martian regolith and polyethylene, and from 400 MeV/nucleon Ne interactions in wall material from the International Space Station. The data were measured between 5 deg. and 80 deg. in the laboratory. We report the double-differential cross sections, angular distributions, and total neutron-production cross sections from all three systems. The spectra from all three systems exhibit behavior previously reported in other heavy-ion neutron-production experiments, namely, a peak at forward angles near the energy corresponding to the beam velocity, with the remaining spectra generated by pre-equilibrium and equilibrium processes. The double-differential cross sections are fitted with a moving-source parametrization. Also reported are the data without corrections for neutron flux attenuation in the target and other intervening materials and for neutron production in nontarget materials near the target position. These uncorrected spectra are compared with SHIELD-HIT and PHITS transport model calculations. The transport model calculations reproduce the spectral shapes well but, on average, underestimate the magnitudes of the cross sections.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.73.024603},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
number = 2,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}