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Title: Nuclear matter symmetry energy and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei

Abstract

Correlations between the thickness of the neutron skin in finite nuclei and the nuclear matter symmetry energy are studied in the Skyrme Hartree-Fock model. From the most recent analysis of the isospin diffusion data in heavy-ion collisions based on an isospin- and momentum-dependent transport model with in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, a value of L=88{+-}25 MeV for the slope of the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density is extracted, and this imposes stringent constraints on both the parameters in the Skyrme effective interactions and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei. Predicted thickness of the neutron skin is 0.22{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 208}Pb, 0.29{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 132}Sn, and 0.22{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 124}Sn.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)
  2. Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3366 (United States)
  3. Department of Chemistry and Physics, P.O. Box 419, Arkansas State University, State University, Arkansas 72467-0419 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20771086
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 72; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72.064309; (c) 2005 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; CORRELATIONS; CROSS SECTIONS; DIFFUSION; HARTREE-FOCK METHOD; HEAVY ION REACTIONS; ISOSPIN; LEAD 208; MEV RANGE; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR MATTER; SKIN; SKYRME POTENTIAL; SYMMETRY; THICKNESS; TIN 124; TIN 132; TRANSPORT THEORY

Citation Formats

Liewen, Chen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, Ko, C M, and Baoan, Li. Nuclear matter symmetry energy and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.72.064309.
Liewen, Chen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, Ko, C M, & Baoan, Li. Nuclear matter symmetry energy and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.72.064309
Liewen, Chen, Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000, Ko, C M, and Baoan, Li. 2005. "Nuclear matter symmetry energy and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.72.064309.
@article{osti_20771086,
title = {Nuclear matter symmetry energy and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei},
author = {Liewen, Chen and Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 and Ko, C M and Baoan, Li},
abstractNote = {Correlations between the thickness of the neutron skin in finite nuclei and the nuclear matter symmetry energy are studied in the Skyrme Hartree-Fock model. From the most recent analysis of the isospin diffusion data in heavy-ion collisions based on an isospin- and momentum-dependent transport model with in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections, a value of L=88{+-}25 MeV for the slope of the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density is extracted, and this imposes stringent constraints on both the parameters in the Skyrme effective interactions and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei. Predicted thickness of the neutron skin is 0.22{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 208}Pb, 0.29{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 132}Sn, and 0.22{+-}0.04 fm for {sup 124}Sn.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.72.064309},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/20771086}, journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
issn = {0556-2813},
number = 6,
volume = 72,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {12}
}