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Title: Wire Array Z-pinches on Sphinx Machine: Experimental Results and Relevant Points of Microsecond Implosion Physics

Abstract

Centre d'Etudes de Gramat (France) has developed an efficient long implosion time (800 ns) Aluminum plasma radiation source (PRS). Based on the LTD technology, the SPHINX facility is developed as a 1-3MJ, 1{mu}s rise time, 4-10 MA current driver. In this paper, it was used in 1MJ, 4MA configuration to drive Aluminum nested wire arrays Z-pinches with K-shell yield up to 20 kJ and a FWHM of the x-ray pulse of about 50 ns. We present latest SPHINX experiments and some of the main physic issues of the microsecond regime. Experimental setup and results are described with the aim of giving trends that have been obtained. The main features of microsecond implosion of wire arrays can be analyzed thanks to same methods and theories as used for faster Z-pinches. The effect of load polarity was examined. The stability of the implosion , one of the critical point of microsecond wire arrays due to the load dimensions imposed by the time scale, is tackled. A simple scaling from 100 ns Z-pinch results to 800 ns ones gives good results and the use of nested arrays improves dramatically the implosion quality and the Kshell yield of the load. However, additional effects suchmore » as the impact of the return current can geometry on the implosion have to be taken into account on our loads. Axial inhomogeneity of the implosion the origin of which is not yet well understood occurs in some shots and impacts the radiation output. The shape of the radiative pulse is discussed and compared with the homogeneity of the implosion. Numerical 2D R-Z and R-{theta} simulations are used to highlight some experimental results and understand the plasma conditions during these microsecond wire arrays implosions.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Centre d'Etudes de Gramat, BP 80200, 46500 Gramat (France) and Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20729239
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 808; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 6. international conference on dense Z-pinches, Oxford (United Kingdom), 25-28 Jul 2005; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2159310; (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; EXPLODING WIRES; GEOMETRY; IMPLOSIONS; K SHELL; LINEAR Z PINCH DEVICES; LONGITUDINAL PINCH; PLASMA; PULSE RISE TIME; PULSES; RADIATION SOURCES; STABILITY; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Calamy, H., Hamann, F., Lassalle, F., Bayol, F., Mangeant, C., Morell, A., Huet, D., Bedoch, J.P., Chittenden, J.P., Lebedev, S.V., Jennings, C.A., and Bland, S.N.. Wire Array Z-pinches on Sphinx Machine: Experimental Results and Relevant Points of Microsecond Implosion Physics. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2159310.
Calamy, H., Hamann, F., Lassalle, F., Bayol, F., Mangeant, C., Morell, A., Huet, D., Bedoch, J.P., Chittenden, J.P., Lebedev, S.V., Jennings, C.A., & Bland, S.N.. Wire Array Z-pinches on Sphinx Machine: Experimental Results and Relevant Points of Microsecond Implosion Physics. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2159310.
Calamy, H., Hamann, F., Lassalle, F., Bayol, F., Mangeant, C., Morell, A., Huet, D., Bedoch, J.P., Chittenden, J.P., Lebedev, S.V., Jennings, C.A., and Bland, S.N.. Thu . "Wire Array Z-pinches on Sphinx Machine: Experimental Results and Relevant Points of Microsecond Implosion Physics". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2159310.
@article{osti_20729239,
title = {Wire Array Z-pinches on Sphinx Machine: Experimental Results and Relevant Points of Microsecond Implosion Physics},
author = {Calamy, H. and Hamann, F. and Lassalle, F. and Bayol, F. and Mangeant, C. and Morell, A. and Huet, D. and Bedoch, J.P. and Chittenden, J.P. and Lebedev, S.V. and Jennings, C.A. and Bland, S.N.},
abstractNote = {Centre d'Etudes de Gramat (France) has developed an efficient long implosion time (800 ns) Aluminum plasma radiation source (PRS). Based on the LTD technology, the SPHINX facility is developed as a 1-3MJ, 1{mu}s rise time, 4-10 MA current driver. In this paper, it was used in 1MJ, 4MA configuration to drive Aluminum nested wire arrays Z-pinches with K-shell yield up to 20 kJ and a FWHM of the x-ray pulse of about 50 ns. We present latest SPHINX experiments and some of the main physic issues of the microsecond regime. Experimental setup and results are described with the aim of giving trends that have been obtained. The main features of microsecond implosion of wire arrays can be analyzed thanks to same methods and theories as used for faster Z-pinches. The effect of load polarity was examined. The stability of the implosion , one of the critical point of microsecond wire arrays due to the load dimensions imposed by the time scale, is tackled. A simple scaling from 100 ns Z-pinch results to 800 ns ones gives good results and the use of nested arrays improves dramatically the implosion quality and the Kshell yield of the load. However, additional effects such as the impact of the return current can geometry on the implosion have to be taken into account on our loads. Axial inhomogeneity of the implosion the origin of which is not yet well understood occurs in some shots and impacts the radiation output. The shape of the radiative pulse is discussed and compared with the homogeneity of the implosion. Numerical 2D R-Z and R-{theta} simulations are used to highlight some experimental results and understand the plasma conditions during these microsecond wire arrays implosions.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2159310},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 808,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 05 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Thu Jan 05 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}