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Title: A New Approach for Nuclear Data Covariance and Sensitivity Generation

Abstract

Covariance data are required to correctly assess uncertainties in design parameters in nuclear applications. The error estimation of calculated quantities relies on the nuclear data uncertainty information available in the basic nuclear data libraries, such as the U.S. Evaluated Nuclear Data File, ENDF/B. The uncertainty files in the ENDF/B library are obtained from the analysis of experimental data and are stored as variance and covariance data. The computer code SAMMY is used in the analysis of the experimental data in the resolved and unresolved resonance energy regions. The data fitting of cross sections is based on generalized least-squares formalism (Bayes' theory) together with the resonance formalism described by R-matrix theory. Two approaches are used in SAMMY for the generation of resonance-parameter covariance data. In the evaluation process SAMMY generates a set of resonance parameters that fit the data, and, in addition, it also provides the resonance-parameter covariances. For existing resonance-parameter evaluations where no resonance-parameter covariance data are available, the alternative is to use an approach called the 'retroactive' resonance-parameter covariance generation. In the high-energy region the methodology for generating covariance data consists of least-squares fitting and model parameter adjustment. The least-squares fitting method calculates covariances directly from experimental data. Themore » parameter adjustment method employs a nuclear model calculation such as the optical model and the Hauser-Feshbach model, and estimates a covariance for the nuclear model parameters. In this paper we describe the application of the retroactive method and the parameter adjustment method to generate covariance data for the gadolinium isotopes.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20722562
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 769; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference on nuclear data for science and technology, Santa Fe, NM (United States), 26 Sep - 1 Oct 2004; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.1945017; (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; DATA COVARIANCES; ERRORS; EVALUATION; GADOLINIUM ISOTOPES; LEAST SQUARE FIT; NUCLEAR DATA COLLECTIONS; NUCLEAR MODELS; OPTICAL MODELS; R MATRIX; RESONANCE; S CODES; SENSITIVITY; STATISTICAL MODELS

Citation Formats

Leal, L.C., Larson, N.M., Derrien, H., Kawano, T., and Chadwick, M.B.. A New Approach for Nuclear Data Covariance and Sensitivity Generation. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1063/1.1945017.
Leal, L.C., Larson, N.M., Derrien, H., Kawano, T., & Chadwick, M.B.. A New Approach for Nuclear Data Covariance and Sensitivity Generation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.1945017.
Leal, L.C., Larson, N.M., Derrien, H., Kawano, T., and Chadwick, M.B.. 2005. "A New Approach for Nuclear Data Covariance and Sensitivity Generation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.1945017.
@article{osti_20722562,
title = {A New Approach for Nuclear Data Covariance and Sensitivity Generation},
author = {Leal, L.C. and Larson, N.M. and Derrien, H. and Kawano, T. and Chadwick, M.B.},
abstractNote = {Covariance data are required to correctly assess uncertainties in design parameters in nuclear applications. The error estimation of calculated quantities relies on the nuclear data uncertainty information available in the basic nuclear data libraries, such as the U.S. Evaluated Nuclear Data File, ENDF/B. The uncertainty files in the ENDF/B library are obtained from the analysis of experimental data and are stored as variance and covariance data. The computer code SAMMY is used in the analysis of the experimental data in the resolved and unresolved resonance energy regions. The data fitting of cross sections is based on generalized least-squares formalism (Bayes' theory) together with the resonance formalism described by R-matrix theory. Two approaches are used in SAMMY for the generation of resonance-parameter covariance data. In the evaluation process SAMMY generates a set of resonance parameters that fit the data, and, in addition, it also provides the resonance-parameter covariances. For existing resonance-parameter evaluations where no resonance-parameter covariance data are available, the alternative is to use an approach called the 'retroactive' resonance-parameter covariance generation. In the high-energy region the methodology for generating covariance data consists of least-squares fitting and model parameter adjustment. The least-squares fitting method calculates covariances directly from experimental data. The parameter adjustment method employs a nuclear model calculation such as the optical model and the Hauser-Feshbach model, and estimates a covariance for the nuclear model parameters. In this paper we describe the application of the retroactive method and the parameter adjustment method to generate covariance data for the gadolinium isotopes.},
doi = {10.1063/1.1945017},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 769,
place = {United States},
year = 2005,
month = 5
}
  • A target accuracy assessment using new available covariance data, the AFCI 1.2 covariance data, has been carried out. At the same time, the more theoretical issue of taking into account correlation terms in target accuracy assessment studies has been deeply investigated. The impact of correlation terms is very significant in target accuracy assessment evaluation and can produce very stringent requirements on nuclear data. For this type of study a broader energy group structure should be used, in order to smooth out requirements and provide better feedback information to evaluators and cross section measurement experts. The main difference in results betweenmore » using BOLNA or AFCI 1.2 covariance data are related to minor actinides, minor Pu isotopes, structural materials (in particular Fe56), and coolant isotopes (Na23) accuracy requirements.« less
  • Computational methods and data used for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis within the SCALE nuclear analysis code system are presented. The methodology used to calculate sensitivity coefficients and similarity coefficients and to perform nuclear data adjustment is discussed. A description is provided of the SCALE-6 covariance library based on ENDF/B-VII and other nuclear data evaluations, supplemented by 'low-fidelity' approximate covariances.
  • An uncertainty propagation methodology relying on marginalization techniques was recently developed to produce covariance matrices between existing model parameters involved in describing neutron-induced reactions. This work has been implemented in the nuclear data assimilation tool CONRAD. The performance of the code was demonstrated through simplified test cases based on a Reich-Moore description of the {sup 155}Gd(n,{gamma}) reaction. Results are compared with those produced via Monte Carlo techniques.
  • A new approach is proposed, the consistent data assimilation, that allows to link the integral data experiment results to basic nuclear parameters employed by evaluators to generate ENDF/B point energy files in order to improve them. A practical example is provided where the sodium neutron propagation experiments, EURACOS and JANUS-8, are used to improve via modifications of {sup 23}Na nuclear parameters (like scattering radius, resonance parameters, Optical model parameters, Statistical Hauser-Feshbach model parameters, and Preequilibrium Exciton model parameters) the agreement of calculation versus experiments for a series of measured reaction rate detectors slopes. Future work involves comparison of results againstmore » a more traditional multigroup adjustments, and extension to other isotope of interest in the reactor community as {sup 56}Fe, actinides, and fission products.« less
  • In order to provide useful feedback to evaluators a set of criteria are established for assessing the robustness and reliability of the cross section adjustments that make use of integral experiment information. Criteria are also provided for accepting the “a posteriori” cross sections, both as new “nominal” values and as “trends”. Some indications of the use of the “a posteriori” covariance matrix are indicated, even though more investigation is needed to settle this complex subject.