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Title: Neutron Emission Generated in the Collision of Plasma Flows in the Presence of an External Magnetic Field

Abstract

Results are presented from experimental studies of the neutron emission generated in the collision of deuterium plasma flows produced in discharges in crossed E x H fields and propagating in opposite directions in a neutral gas across an external magnetic field. It is shown that the interaction of oppositely propagating deuterium plasma flows gives rise to the generation of soft X-ray emission and neutron emission from the dd reaction (dd {yields} {sup 3}He + n) and is accompanied by an almost complete depolarization of the flows and rapid variations in the magnetic field (at a rate of {approx}10{sup 11} G/s). The measurements were performed at energies and velocities of the flows of up to 600 J and 3.5 x 10{sup 7} cm/s, respectively. The plasma density in each flow was {approx}10{sup 15} cm{sup -3}. The upper estimates for the astrophysical S factor and the effective cross sections of the dd reaction obtained from our measurements are compared to theoretical calculations and to the results of experiments performed in the MIG high-current accelerator (Institute of High-Current Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk)

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ; ; ; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Nuclear Physics Institute, Tomsk Polytechnic University, pr. Lenina 2a, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)
  2. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow oblast, 141980 (Russian Federation)
  3. Faculty of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Academy of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy, Cracow (Poland)
  4. Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)
  5. Research Institute of High Voltages, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20718859
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plasma Physics Reports; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: Translated from Fizika Plazmy, ISSN 0367-2921, 31, 1114-1122 (No. 12, 2005); DOI: 10.1134/1.2147649; (c) 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); TN:
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATORS; DEPOLARIZATION; DEUTERIUM; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC DISCHARGES; HELIUM 3; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NEUTRON EMISSION; PLASMA; PLASMA DENSITY; SOFT X RADIATION; X-RAY SOURCES

Citation Formats

Dudkin, G.N., Nechaev, B.A., Padalko, V.N., Bystritsky, V.M., Gerasimov, V.V., Kublikov, R.V., Parzhitsky, S.S., Stolupin, V.L., Vozniak, J., Veretel'nik, V.I., and Furman, E.G. Neutron Emission Generated in the Collision of Plasma Flows in the Presence of an External Magnetic Field. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1134/1.2147649.
Dudkin, G.N., Nechaev, B.A., Padalko, V.N., Bystritsky, V.M., Gerasimov, V.V., Kublikov, R.V., Parzhitsky, S.S., Stolupin, V.L., Vozniak, J., Veretel'nik, V.I., & Furman, E.G. Neutron Emission Generated in the Collision of Plasma Flows in the Presence of an External Magnetic Field. United States. doi:10.1134/1.2147649.
Dudkin, G.N., Nechaev, B.A., Padalko, V.N., Bystritsky, V.M., Gerasimov, V.V., Kublikov, R.V., Parzhitsky, S.S., Stolupin, V.L., Vozniak, J., Veretel'nik, V.I., and Furman, E.G. Thu . "Neutron Emission Generated in the Collision of Plasma Flows in the Presence of an External Magnetic Field". United States. doi:10.1134/1.2147649.
@article{osti_20718859,
title = {Neutron Emission Generated in the Collision of Plasma Flows in the Presence of an External Magnetic Field},
author = {Dudkin, G.N. and Nechaev, B.A. and Padalko, V.N. and Bystritsky, V.M. and Gerasimov, V.V. and Kublikov, R.V. and Parzhitsky, S.S. and Stolupin, V.L. and Vozniak, J. and Veretel'nik, V.I. and Furman, E.G.},
abstractNote = {Results are presented from experimental studies of the neutron emission generated in the collision of deuterium plasma flows produced in discharges in crossed E x H fields and propagating in opposite directions in a neutral gas across an external magnetic field. It is shown that the interaction of oppositely propagating deuterium plasma flows gives rise to the generation of soft X-ray emission and neutron emission from the dd reaction (dd {yields} {sup 3}He + n) and is accompanied by an almost complete depolarization of the flows and rapid variations in the magnetic field (at a rate of {approx}10{sup 11} G/s). The measurements were performed at energies and velocities of the flows of up to 600 J and 3.5 x 10{sup 7} cm/s, respectively. The plasma density in each flow was {approx}10{sup 15} cm{sup -3}. The upper estimates for the astrophysical S factor and the effective cross sections of the dd reaction obtained from our measurements are compared to theoretical calculations and to the results of experiments performed in the MIG high-current accelerator (Institute of High-Current Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk)},
doi = {10.1134/1.2147649},
journal = {Plasma Physics Reports},
number = 12,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Thu Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}