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Title: Acid rain in China. Rapid industrialization has put citizens and ecosystems at risk

Abstract

Acid rain emerged as an important environmental problem in China in the late 1970s. Many years of record economic growth have been accompanied by increased energy demand, greater coal combustion, and larger emissions of pollutants. As a result of significant emissions and subsequent deposition of sulfur, widespread acid rain is observed in southern and southwestern China. In fact, the deposition of sulfur is in some places higher than what was reported from the 'black triangle' in central Europe in the early 1980s. In addition, nitrogen is emitted from agriculture, power production, and a rapidly increasing number of cars. As a result, considerable deposition of pollutants occurs in forested areas previously thought to be pristine. Little is known about the effects of acid deposition on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in China. This article presents the current situation and what to expect in the future, largely on the basis of results from a five-year Chinese-Norwegian cooperative project. In the years ahead, new environmental challenges must be expected if proper countermeasures are not put into place. 31 refs., 4 figs.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others [Norwegian Institute for Water Research and University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20701137
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ACID RAIN; CHINA; DEPOSITION; NORWAY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; ACIDIFICATION; COAL; SULFUR DIOXIDE; EMISSION; PH VALUE; POLLUTION SOURCES; FORESTS; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; AMMONIA; NITRATES; HEALTH HAZARDS

Citation Formats

Thorjoern Larssen, Espen Lydersen, and Dagang Tang. Acid rain in China. Rapid industrialization has put citizens and ecosystems at risk. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Thorjoern Larssen, Espen Lydersen, & Dagang Tang. Acid rain in China. Rapid industrialization has put citizens and ecosystems at risk. United States.
Thorjoern Larssen, Espen Lydersen, and Dagang Tang. Sun . "Acid rain in China. Rapid industrialization has put citizens and ecosystems at risk". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_20701137,
title = {Acid rain in China. Rapid industrialization has put citizens and ecosystems at risk},
author = {Thorjoern Larssen and Espen Lydersen and Dagang Tang},
abstractNote = {Acid rain emerged as an important environmental problem in China in the late 1970s. Many years of record economic growth have been accompanied by increased energy demand, greater coal combustion, and larger emissions of pollutants. As a result of significant emissions and subsequent deposition of sulfur, widespread acid rain is observed in southern and southwestern China. In fact, the deposition of sulfur is in some places higher than what was reported from the 'black triangle' in central Europe in the early 1980s. In addition, nitrogen is emitted from agriculture, power production, and a rapidly increasing number of cars. As a result, considerable deposition of pollutants occurs in forested areas previously thought to be pristine. Little is known about the effects of acid deposition on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in China. This article presents the current situation and what to expect in the future, largely on the basis of results from a five-year Chinese-Norwegian cooperative project. In the years ahead, new environmental challenges must be expected if proper countermeasures are not put into place. 31 refs., 4 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 2,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}