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Title: Enhanced 1.54 {mu}m photoluminescence from Er-containing ZnO through nitrogen doping

Abstract

Nitrogen doping into an erbium (Er)-containing ZnO specimen through the N{sup +} irradiation and the subsequent annealing in air was found to increase the photoluminescence (PL) intensity around 1.54 {mu}m by about 40 times. The existence of nitrogen in the specimen was proved firmly by means of the {sup 14}N(d,{alpha}){sup 12}C nuclear reaction analysis. Further, the Ne{sup +} irradiation was conducted instead of the N{sup +} irradiation, but no effect was observed in the PL spectra. So, it was concluded that the substitution of N for O could modify the local structure around Er{sup 3+}, resulting in the surprisingly large enhancement of the PL intensity.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20636964
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.1856692; (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALPHA PARTICLES; ANNEALING; CARBON 12; DEUTERON REACTIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; ERBIUM; ERBIUM IONS; ION BEAMS; IRRADIATION; NEON IONS; NITROGEN; NITROGEN 14 TARGET; NUCLEAR REACTION ANALYSIS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Zhen, Zhou, Komori, Toshitaka, Yoshino, Masahito, Morinaga, Masahiko, Matsunami, Noriaki, Koizumi, Atsushi, Takeda, Yoshikazu, Division of Energy Science, Ecotopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603, and Venture Business Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603. Enhanced 1.54 {mu}m photoluminescence from Er-containing ZnO through nitrogen doping. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1063/1.1856692.
Zhen, Zhou, Komori, Toshitaka, Yoshino, Masahito, Morinaga, Masahiko, Matsunami, Noriaki, Koizumi, Atsushi, Takeda, Yoshikazu, Division of Energy Science, Ecotopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603, & Venture Business Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603. Enhanced 1.54 {mu}m photoluminescence from Er-containing ZnO through nitrogen doping. United States. doi:10.1063/1.1856692.
Zhen, Zhou, Komori, Toshitaka, Yoshino, Masahito, Morinaga, Masahiko, Matsunami, Noriaki, Koizumi, Atsushi, Takeda, Yoshikazu, Division of Energy Science, Ecotopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603, and Venture Business Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603. Mon . "Enhanced 1.54 {mu}m photoluminescence from Er-containing ZnO through nitrogen doping". United States. doi:10.1063/1.1856692.
@article{osti_20636964,
title = {Enhanced 1.54 {mu}m photoluminescence from Er-containing ZnO through nitrogen doping},
author = {Zhen, Zhou and Komori, Toshitaka and Yoshino, Masahito and Morinaga, Masahiko and Matsunami, Noriaki and Koizumi, Atsushi and Takeda, Yoshikazu and Division of Energy Science, Ecotopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603 and Venture Business Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8603},
abstractNote = {Nitrogen doping into an erbium (Er)-containing ZnO specimen through the N{sup +} irradiation and the subsequent annealing in air was found to increase the photoluminescence (PL) intensity around 1.54 {mu}m by about 40 times. The existence of nitrogen in the specimen was proved firmly by means of the {sup 14}N(d,{alpha}){sup 12}C nuclear reaction analysis. Further, the Ne{sup +} irradiation was conducted instead of the N{sup +} irradiation, but no effect was observed in the PL spectra. So, it was concluded that the substitution of N for O could modify the local structure around Er{sup 3+}, resulting in the surprisingly large enhancement of the PL intensity.},
doi = {10.1063/1.1856692},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 4,
volume = 86,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {1}
}