skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Difference Image Analysis of Galactic Microlensing. I. Data Analysis

Abstract

This is a preliminary report on the application of Difference Image Analysis (DIA) to Galactic bulge images. The aim of this analysis is to increase the sensitivity to the detection of gravitational microlensing. We discuss how the DIA technique simplifies the process of discovering microlensing events by detecting only objects that have variable flux. We illustrate how the DIA technique is not limited to detection of so-called ''pixel lensing'' events but can also be used to improve photometry for classical microlensing events by removing the effects of blending. We will present a method whereby DIA can be used to reveal the true unblended colors, positions, and light curves of microlensing events. We discuss the need for a technique to obtain the accurate microlensing timescales from blended sources and present a possible solution to this problem using the existing Hubble Space Telescope color-magnitude diagrams of the Galactic bulge and LMC. The use of such a solution with both classical and pixel microlensing searches is discussed. We show that one of the major causes of systematic noise in DIA is differential refraction. A technique for removing this systematic by effectively registering images to a common air mass is presented. Improvements to commonlymore » used image differencing techniques are discussed. (c) 1999 The American Astronomical Society.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. (and others)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20216735
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 521; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: PBD: 20 Aug 1999; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; IMAGE PROCESSING; DATA ANALYSIS; MEASURING METHODS; SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Alcock, C., Allsman, R. A., Alves, D., Axelrod, T. S., Becker, A. C., Bennett, D. P., Cook, K. H., Drake, A. J., Freeman, K. C., and Griest, K. Difference Image Analysis of Galactic Microlensing. I. Data Analysis. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1086/307567.
Alcock, C., Allsman, R. A., Alves, D., Axelrod, T. S., Becker, A. C., Bennett, D. P., Cook, K. H., Drake, A. J., Freeman, K. C., & Griest, K. Difference Image Analysis of Galactic Microlensing. I. Data Analysis. United States. doi:10.1086/307567.
Alcock, C., Allsman, R. A., Alves, D., Axelrod, T. S., Becker, A. C., Bennett, D. P., Cook, K. H., Drake, A. J., Freeman, K. C., and Griest, K. Fri . "Difference Image Analysis of Galactic Microlensing. I. Data Analysis". United States. doi:10.1086/307567.
@article{osti_20216735,
title = {Difference Image Analysis of Galactic Microlensing. I. Data Analysis},
author = {Alcock, C. and Allsman, R. A. and Alves, D. and Axelrod, T. S. and Becker, A. C. and Bennett, D. P. and Cook, K. H. and Drake, A. J. and Freeman, K. C. and Griest, K.},
abstractNote = {This is a preliminary report on the application of Difference Image Analysis (DIA) to Galactic bulge images. The aim of this analysis is to increase the sensitivity to the detection of gravitational microlensing. We discuss how the DIA technique simplifies the process of discovering microlensing events by detecting only objects that have variable flux. We illustrate how the DIA technique is not limited to detection of so-called ''pixel lensing'' events but can also be used to improve photometry for classical microlensing events by removing the effects of blending. We will present a method whereby DIA can be used to reveal the true unblended colors, positions, and light curves of microlensing events. We discuss the need for a technique to obtain the accurate microlensing timescales from blended sources and present a possible solution to this problem using the existing Hubble Space Telescope color-magnitude diagrams of the Galactic bulge and LMC. The use of such a solution with both classical and pixel microlensing searches is discussed. We show that one of the major causes of systematic noise in DIA is differential refraction. A technique for removing this systematic by effectively registering images to a common air mass is presented. Improvements to commonly used image differencing techniques are discussed. (c) 1999 The American Astronomical Society.},
doi = {10.1086/307567},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 521,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}