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Title: Mechanistic study of metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} thin films

Abstract

The metalorganic precursor chemistry was studied on Pt(111) surfaces in a {sup 16}O{sub 2} and {sup 18}O{sub 2} backgrounds. Using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The precursor chemistry of Sr(thd){sub 2} was found to be different on oxide covered Pt(111) surface as compared to the clean Pt(111) surface. In an oxygen ambient, TPD showed at least four different reaction processes which involved the removal of carbon from the precursor ligands on oxide covered Pt(111). In two of these, gas phase oxygen was incorporated into the oxidative products. In contrast, one carbon removing reaction was observed on the clean Pt(111) surface. Isotopic labeling experiments have also been carried out to understand the film-formation reactions in the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} (BST) films. Time-of-flight SIMS and nuclear reaction analysis reveal that the oxygen in the BST films originates from both the gas phase oxidants ({sup 18}O) and the precursor ligands ({sup 16}O). The ligand substitution by gas phase O{sub 2} plays a more prominent role in the film formation at lower temperatures. On the other hand, the reactive oxygen radicals produced by microwave plasma involved more in breaking the O-C bonds than substitutingmore » the precursor ligands for the film formation. Use of the 50% {sup 18}O{sub 2}-50% N{sub 2} {sup 16}O{sub 2} mixture results in a reduction of {sup 18}O incorporation in the BST films, indicative of the direct involvement of N{sub 2}O in the film-formation reactions. The mechanistic studies are essential for understanding the new BST precursors used in this study, and provide useful information to correlate the film microstructure, step coverage, and dielectric properties with the precursor properties. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, MS K8-93, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)
  2. Materials Technologies Laboratories, Motorola Inc., Austin, Texas 78721 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20216200
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: PBD: 15 May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; BARIUM OXIDES; STRONTIUM OXIDES; TITANATES; THIN FILMS; PRECURSOR; DESORPTION; MASS SPECTRA; NUCLEAR REACTION ANALYSIS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Gao, Y., Perkins, C. L., He, S., Alluri, P., Tran, T., Thevuthasan, S., and Henderson, M. A. Mechanistic study of metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} thin films. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1063/1.373005.
Gao, Y., Perkins, C. L., He, S., Alluri, P., Tran, T., Thevuthasan, S., & Henderson, M. A. Mechanistic study of metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} thin films. United States. doi:10.1063/1.373005.
Gao, Y., Perkins, C. L., He, S., Alluri, P., Tran, T., Thevuthasan, S., and Henderson, M. A. Mon . "Mechanistic study of metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} thin films". United States. doi:10.1063/1.373005.
@article{osti_20216200,
title = {Mechanistic study of metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} thin films},
author = {Gao, Y. and Perkins, C. L. and He, S. and Alluri, P. and Tran, T. and Thevuthasan, S. and Henderson, M. A.},
abstractNote = {The metalorganic precursor chemistry was studied on Pt(111) surfaces in a {sup 16}O{sub 2} and {sup 18}O{sub 2} backgrounds. Using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The precursor chemistry of Sr(thd){sub 2} was found to be different on oxide covered Pt(111) surface as compared to the clean Pt(111) surface. In an oxygen ambient, TPD showed at least four different reaction processes which involved the removal of carbon from the precursor ligands on oxide covered Pt(111). In two of these, gas phase oxygen was incorporated into the oxidative products. In contrast, one carbon removing reaction was observed on the clean Pt(111) surface. Isotopic labeling experiments have also been carried out to understand the film-formation reactions in the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of (Ba,Sr)TiO{sub 3} (BST) films. Time-of-flight SIMS and nuclear reaction analysis reveal that the oxygen in the BST films originates from both the gas phase oxidants ({sup 18}O) and the precursor ligands ({sup 16}O). The ligand substitution by gas phase O{sub 2} plays a more prominent role in the film formation at lower temperatures. On the other hand, the reactive oxygen radicals produced by microwave plasma involved more in breaking the O-C bonds than substituting the precursor ligands for the film formation. Use of the 50% {sup 18}O{sub 2}-50% N{sub 2} {sup 16}O{sub 2} mixture results in a reduction of {sup 18}O incorporation in the BST films, indicative of the direct involvement of N{sub 2}O in the film-formation reactions. The mechanistic studies are essential for understanding the new BST precursors used in this study, and provide useful information to correlate the film microstructure, step coverage, and dielectric properties with the precursor properties. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.373005},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 10,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}