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Title: Magnetohydrodynamics stability of compact stellarators

Abstract

Recent stability results of external kink modes and vertical modes in compact stellarators are presented. The vertical mode is found to be stabilized by externally generated poloidal flux. A simple stability criterion is derived in the limit of large aspect ratio and constant current density. For a wall at infinite distance from the plasma, the amount of external flux needed for stabilization is given by F{sub i}=({kappa}{sup 2}-{kappa})/({kappa}{sup 2}+1), where {kappa} is the axisymmetric elongation and F{sub i} is the fraction of the external rotational transform. A systematic parameter study shows that the external kink mode in a quasiaxisymmetric stellarator (QAS) can be stabilized at high beta ({approx}5%) without a conducting wall by magnetic shear via three-dimensional (3D) shaping. It is found that external kinks are driven by both parallel current and pressure gradient. The pressure contributes significantly to the overall drive through the curvature term and the Pfirsch-Schluter current. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [3]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)
  2. CRPP, EPFL, Lausanne, (Switzerland)
  3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States)
  4. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20216050
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: PBD: May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; STELLARATORS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; KINK INSTABILITY; CURRENT DENSITY; PLASMA PRESSURE; THEORETICAL DATA

Citation Formats

Fu, G. Y., Ku, L. P., Cooper, W. A., Hirshman, S. H., Monticello, D. A., Redi, M. H., Reiman, A., Sanchez, R., and Spong, D. A. Magnetohydrodynamics stability of compact stellarators. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1063/1.874002.
Fu, G. Y., Ku, L. P., Cooper, W. A., Hirshman, S. H., Monticello, D. A., Redi, M. H., Reiman, A., Sanchez, R., & Spong, D. A. Magnetohydrodynamics stability of compact stellarators. United States. doi:10.1063/1.874002.
Fu, G. Y., Ku, L. P., Cooper, W. A., Hirshman, S. H., Monticello, D. A., Redi, M. H., Reiman, A., Sanchez, R., and Spong, D. A. Mon . "Magnetohydrodynamics stability of compact stellarators". United States. doi:10.1063/1.874002.
@article{osti_20216050,
title = {Magnetohydrodynamics stability of compact stellarators},
author = {Fu, G. Y. and Ku, L. P. and Cooper, W. A. and Hirshman, S. H. and Monticello, D. A. and Redi, M. H. and Reiman, A. and Sanchez, R. and Spong, D. A.},
abstractNote = {Recent stability results of external kink modes and vertical modes in compact stellarators are presented. The vertical mode is found to be stabilized by externally generated poloidal flux. A simple stability criterion is derived in the limit of large aspect ratio and constant current density. For a wall at infinite distance from the plasma, the amount of external flux needed for stabilization is given by F{sub i}=({kappa}{sup 2}-{kappa})/({kappa}{sup 2}+1), where {kappa} is the axisymmetric elongation and F{sub i} is the fraction of the external rotational transform. A systematic parameter study shows that the external kink mode in a quasiaxisymmetric stellarator (QAS) can be stabilized at high beta ({approx}5%) without a conducting wall by magnetic shear via three-dimensional (3D) shaping. It is found that external kinks are driven by both parallel current and pressure gradient. The pressure contributes significantly to the overall drive through the curvature term and the Pfirsch-Schluter current. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.874002},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}