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Title: Analysis of transient data from infiltrometer tests in fine-grained soils

Abstract

Data collected during ring infiltrometer tests are often analyzed while assuming either that the effect of gravity is negligible (early-time, transient data) or that it is dominant (late-time, steady-state data). In this paper, an equation is proposed for interpreting both early-time and late-time data measured during infiltration tests under falling head conditions. It is shown that the method used by previous authors for interpreting early-time data is a special case of the proposed equation. The equation is applied to data collected during tests performed in fine-grained soils, and results are discussed. The analysis suggests that to assume a priori values of the soil sorptive number, as indicated in the literature for various soils, may in some cases lead to severely underestimated values of the saturated hydraulic conductivity. Conversely, in low permeability soils, to assume steady-state gravity drainage may lead to order of magnitude overestimates of the saturated hydraulic conductivity. A dimensionless analysis provides characteristic times that correspond either to the duration of the log-log half slope displayed by early-time data or to the log-log unit slope characteristic of late-time data.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
BRGM, Orleans (FR)
OSTI Identifier:
20080438
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 20080438
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Ground Water
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: PBD: May-Jun 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-467X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; SOILS; HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY; WASTE STORAGE; NONRADIOACTIVE WASTES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Guyonnet, D., Amraoui, N., and Kara, R. Analysis of transient data from infiltrometer tests in fine-grained soils. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00225.x.
Guyonnet, D., Amraoui, N., & Kara, R. Analysis of transient data from infiltrometer tests in fine-grained soils. United States. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00225.x.
Guyonnet, D., Amraoui, N., and Kara, R. Thu . "Analysis of transient data from infiltrometer tests in fine-grained soils". United States. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00225.x.
@article{osti_20080438,
title = {Analysis of transient data from infiltrometer tests in fine-grained soils},
author = {Guyonnet, D. and Amraoui, N. and Kara, R.},
abstractNote = {Data collected during ring infiltrometer tests are often analyzed while assuming either that the effect of gravity is negligible (early-time, transient data) or that it is dominant (late-time, steady-state data). In this paper, an equation is proposed for interpreting both early-time and late-time data measured during infiltration tests under falling head conditions. It is shown that the method used by previous authors for interpreting early-time data is a special case of the proposed equation. The equation is applied to data collected during tests performed in fine-grained soils, and results are discussed. The analysis suggests that to assume a priori values of the soil sorptive number, as indicated in the literature for various soils, may in some cases lead to severely underestimated values of the saturated hydraulic conductivity. Conversely, in low permeability soils, to assume steady-state gravity drainage may lead to order of magnitude overestimates of the saturated hydraulic conductivity. A dimensionless analysis provides characteristic times that correspond either to the duration of the log-log half slope displayed by early-time data or to the log-log unit slope characteristic of late-time data.},
doi = {10.1111/j.1745-6584.2000.tb00225.x},
journal = {Ground Water},
issn = {0017-467X},
number = 3,
volume = 38,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}