skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Optimization of runway orientation

Abstract

This paper presents a computer model, named WNDROS, for optimizing the runway orientation based on given wind data and allowable crosswind component. The model is based on a mathematical formulation, which transfers circles and radial lines of the wind rose method into points with numeric coordinates. The development of the model is presented and discussed in detail in this paper. In determining the wind coverage for a given runway direction, the model calculates exactly the areas of sectors covered, fully or partially, by the runway template and determines a factor for adjusting the wind data of covered sectors. The optimization is achieved through an exhaustive search by evaluating the coverage at small increments of orientation angle covering all possible directions. The model compares the results of evaluated coverage and reports the best solution together with several competitive alternatives. Results of the model were thoroughly verified against exact measurements in AutoCAD, which confirmed the model accuracy. The model has a flexibility to function under any combination of number of wind directions, number of wind speed intervals, and allowable crosswind. The model is demonstrated through a numerical example and proves to be convenient and accurate.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Cairo Univ. (EG)
OSTI Identifier:
20080358
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 20080358
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Transportation Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: PBD: May-Jun 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0733-947X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; AIRPORTS; COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN; WIND; CALCULATION METHODS; W CODES; ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Citation Formats

Mousa, R.M., and Mumayiz, S.A. Optimization of runway orientation. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2000)126:3(228).
Mousa, R.M., & Mumayiz, S.A. Optimization of runway orientation. United States. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2000)126:3(228).
Mousa, R.M., and Mumayiz, S.A. Thu . "Optimization of runway orientation". United States. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2000)126:3(228).
@article{osti_20080358,
title = {Optimization of runway orientation},
author = {Mousa, R.M. and Mumayiz, S.A.},
abstractNote = {This paper presents a computer model, named WNDROS, for optimizing the runway orientation based on given wind data and allowable crosswind component. The model is based on a mathematical formulation, which transfers circles and radial lines of the wind rose method into points with numeric coordinates. The development of the model is presented and discussed in detail in this paper. In determining the wind coverage for a given runway direction, the model calculates exactly the areas of sectors covered, fully or partially, by the runway template and determines a factor for adjusting the wind data of covered sectors. The optimization is achieved through an exhaustive search by evaluating the coverage at small increments of orientation angle covering all possible directions. The model compares the results of evaluated coverage and reports the best solution together with several competitive alternatives. Results of the model were thoroughly verified against exact measurements in AutoCAD, which confirmed the model accuracy. The model has a flexibility to function under any combination of number of wind directions, number of wind speed intervals, and allowable crosswind. The model is demonstrated through a numerical example and proves to be convenient and accurate.},
doi = {10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2000)126:3(228)},
journal = {Journal of Transportation Engineering},
issn = {0733-947X},
number = 3,
volume = 126,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}