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Title: Ground vibration from high-speed trains: Prediction and countermeasure

Abstract

This paper outlines a test program in southern Sweden for measurement of the vibration induced in the ground and railway embankment by high-speed trains, together with a rigorous numerical model developed for the prediction of embankment/ground response. In this formulation the ground is modeled as a layered viscoelastic half-space, and the railway embankment is modeled as a viscoelastic beam excited by the moving loads of the train. The model uses the Kausel-Roeesset Green's functions to calculate the soil stiffness matrix at the ground-embankment interface and assembles it with the dynamic stiffness matrix of the embankment. The solution is carried out in the frequency domain, and the time histories of the motions are derived through a Fourier synthesis of the frequency components. Numerous simulations of train-induced vibration are presented for the ground conditions and embankment parameters at the test site and compared with measured records. The simulations agree well with the measurements, both in qualitative and quantitative terms. In particular, the large ground deformations registered for train speeds exceeding 140 km/h are reproduced by the simulations. With the help of the prediction model, the effectiveness of a remediation measure for the mitigation of ground vibration is explored.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Norwegian Geotech. Inst., Oslo (NO)
OSTI Identifier:
20076047
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 20076047
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: Jun 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1090-0241
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEMS; TRAINS; GROUND MOTION; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; SEISMIC EFFECTS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; SWEDEN; MITIGATION

Citation Formats

Kaynia, A.M., Madshus, C., and Zackrisson, P. Ground vibration from high-speed trains: Prediction and countermeasure. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:6(531).
Kaynia, A.M., Madshus, C., & Zackrisson, P. Ground vibration from high-speed trains: Prediction and countermeasure. United States. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:6(531).
Kaynia, A.M., Madshus, C., and Zackrisson, P. Thu . "Ground vibration from high-speed trains: Prediction and countermeasure". United States. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:6(531).
@article{osti_20076047,
title = {Ground vibration from high-speed trains: Prediction and countermeasure},
author = {Kaynia, A.M. and Madshus, C. and Zackrisson, P.},
abstractNote = {This paper outlines a test program in southern Sweden for measurement of the vibration induced in the ground and railway embankment by high-speed trains, together with a rigorous numerical model developed for the prediction of embankment/ground response. In this formulation the ground is modeled as a layered viscoelastic half-space, and the railway embankment is modeled as a viscoelastic beam excited by the moving loads of the train. The model uses the Kausel-Roeesset Green's functions to calculate the soil stiffness matrix at the ground-embankment interface and assembles it with the dynamic stiffness matrix of the embankment. The solution is carried out in the frequency domain, and the time histories of the motions are derived through a Fourier synthesis of the frequency components. Numerous simulations of train-induced vibration are presented for the ground conditions and embankment parameters at the test site and compared with measured records. The simulations agree well with the measurements, both in qualitative and quantitative terms. In particular, the large ground deformations registered for train speeds exceeding 140 km/h are reproduced by the simulations. With the help of the prediction model, the effectiveness of a remediation measure for the mitigation of ground vibration is explored.},
doi = {10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:6(531)},
journal = {Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering},
issn = {1090-0241},
number = 6,
volume = 126,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}