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Title: Infrared and TPD studies of nitrates adsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}

Abstract

NO and O{sub 2} coadsorption on {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO has been investigated by in situ infrared spectroscopy coupled with temperature-programmed decomposition and desorption. BaO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} possess a higher NO{sub x} storage capability than Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3}/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. NO/O{sub 2} coadsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO in the form of bridging bidentate, chelating bidentate, and monodentate nitrates, and on MgO in the form of bridging bidentate and monodentate nitrates via the reaction of adsorbed NO with adsorbed oxygen at 298 K. NO/O{sub 2} coadsorbed as a chelating bidentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and as a distinctive bridging bidentate nitrate on BaO and MgO via the reaction of adsorbed NO with surface lattice oxygen at 523 K. These various forms of adsorbed nitrate differ in structure and reactivity from Tb(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, La(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Ba(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and Mg(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, the precursor used to prepare metal oxides for NO/O{sub 2} coadsorption. Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of chelating bidentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO produced primarily NOmore » and O{sub 2}, with maxima at 640 and 670 K, respectively. TPD of bridging bidentate nitrate and monodentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO produced NO and O{sub 2} as major products and N{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O as minor products, at 320--500 K. Decomposition of bridging bidentate on MgO produced NO as a major product and N{sub 2}O as a minor product at a peak temperature of 690 K. Peak temperatures for Tb(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, La(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Ba(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and Mg(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} decomposition occurred between those for bridging and chelating nitrates. The difference in stability between chelating and bridging bidentate nitrates on various metal oxides/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} may provide a wide range of operating temperatures for NO{sub x} storage.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Akron, OH (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
20075908
DOE Contract Number:  
FG22-95PC95224
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry B: Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces, amp Biophysical
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: PBD: 18 May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5647
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; NITRATES; ADSORPTION; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; SUPPORTS; TERBIUM OXIDES; LANTHANUM OXIDES; BARIUM OXIDES; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; NITRIC OXIDE; CATALYSTS; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS

Citation Formats

Chi, Y., and Chuang, S.S.C. Infrared and TPD studies of nitrates adsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1021/jp993894m.
Chi, Y., & Chuang, S.S.C. Infrared and TPD studies of nitrates adsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. United States. doi:10.1021/jp993894m.
Chi, Y., and Chuang, S.S.C. Thu . "Infrared and TPD studies of nitrates adsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}". United States. doi:10.1021/jp993894m.
@article{osti_20075908,
title = {Infrared and TPD studies of nitrates adsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}},
author = {Chi, Y. and Chuang, S.S.C.},
abstractNote = {NO and O{sub 2} coadsorption on {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, BaO, and MgO has been investigated by in situ infrared spectroscopy coupled with temperature-programmed decomposition and desorption. BaO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and MgO/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} possess a higher NO{sub x} storage capability than Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3}/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. NO/O{sub 2} coadsorbed on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO in the form of bridging bidentate, chelating bidentate, and monodentate nitrates, and on MgO in the form of bridging bidentate and monodentate nitrates via the reaction of adsorbed NO with adsorbed oxygen at 298 K. NO/O{sub 2} coadsorbed as a chelating bidentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and as a distinctive bridging bidentate nitrate on BaO and MgO via the reaction of adsorbed NO with surface lattice oxygen at 523 K. These various forms of adsorbed nitrate differ in structure and reactivity from Tb(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, La(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Ba(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and Mg(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, the precursor used to prepare metal oxides for NO/O{sub 2} coadsorption. Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of chelating bidentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO produced primarily NO and O{sub 2}, with maxima at 640 and 670 K, respectively. TPD of bridging bidentate nitrate and monodentate nitrate on Tb{sub 4}O{sub 7}, La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and BaO produced NO and O{sub 2} as major products and N{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O as minor products, at 320--500 K. Decomposition of bridging bidentate on MgO produced NO as a major product and N{sub 2}O as a minor product at a peak temperature of 690 K. Peak temperatures for Tb(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, La(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Ba(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and Mg(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} decomposition occurred between those for bridging and chelating nitrates. The difference in stability between chelating and bridging bidentate nitrates on various metal oxides/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} may provide a wide range of operating temperatures for NO{sub x} storage.},
doi = {10.1021/jp993894m},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry B: Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces, amp Biophysical},
issn = {1089-5647},
number = 19,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}