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Title: Kinetic analysis of HO{sub 2} addition to ethylene, propene, and isobutene, and thermochemical parameters of alkyl hydroperoxides and hydroperoxide alkyl radicals

Abstract

Thermochemical kinetic analysis for the reactions of HO{sub 2} radical addition to the primary, secondary, and tertiary carbon-carbon double bonds of ethylene, propene, and isobutene are studied using canonical transition state theory (TST). Thermochemical properties of reactants, alkyl hydroperoxides (ROOH), hydroperoxy alkyl radicals (R-OOH), and transition states (TSs) are determined by ab initio and density functional calculations. Enthalpies of formation ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}) of product radicals (R-OOH) are determined using isodesmic reactions with group balance at MP4(full)6-31G(d,p)/MP2(full)/6-31G(d), MP2(full)/6-31G(d), complete basis set model chemistry (CBS-q with MP2(full)/6-31g(d) and B3LYP/6-31g(d) optimized geometries), and density functional (B3LYP/6-31g(d) and B3LYP/6-311+g(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-31g(d)) calculations. {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of TSs are obtained from the {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of reactants plus energy differences between reactants and TSs. Entropies (S{sub 298}{degree}) and heat capacities (Cp(T) 300 {le} T/K {le} 1,500) contributions from vibrational, translational, and external rotational are calculated using the rigid-rotor-harmonic-oscillator approximation based on geometric parameters and vibrational frequencies obtained at MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory. Selected potential barriers of internal rotations for hydroperoxy alkyl radicals and TSs are calculated at MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and CBS-Q//MP2(full)/6-31G(d) levels. Contributions from hindered rotors of S{sub 298}{degree} and Cp(T) are calculated by the method of Pitzer and Gwinn and by summation over themore » energy levels obtained by direct diagonalization of the Hamiltonian matrix of hindered internal rotations when the potential barriers of internal rotations are available. calculated rate constants obtained at CBS-q/MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and CBS-q//B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory show similar trends with experimental data: HO{sub 2} radical addition to the tertiary carbon-carbon double bond (HO{sub 2} addition at CD/C2 carbon atom of isobutene) has a lower activation energy than addition to the secondary carbon-carbon double bond CD/C/H, which is lower than addition to the primary carbon-carbon bond CD/H2; the values are 12.11(11.56), 11.08(10.34), and 7.63(7.03) kcal/mol, respectively, at CBS-q//MP2(full)/6-31G(d) level. Data in parentheses are calculations at the CBS-q//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The E{sub a} for addition to primary carbon-carbon double bonds of ethylene, propene, and isobutene also show a decreasing trend 13.49(12.89), 12.16(11.20), and 10.70(10.59) kcal/mol, respectively. The high-pressure limit rate constants are calculated.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
New Jersey Inst. of Tech., Newark, NJ (US)
OSTI Identifier:
20075887
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, amp General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 21; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 03 NATURAL GAS; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; HYDROPEROXY RADICALS; ETHYLENE; PROPYLENE; 2-METHYLPROPENE; ENTHALPY; ENTROPY; ACTIVATION ENERGY

Citation Formats

Chen, C.J., and Bozzelli, J.W. Kinetic analysis of HO{sub 2} addition to ethylene, propene, and isobutene, and thermochemical parameters of alkyl hydroperoxides and hydroperoxide alkyl radicals. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1021/jp993111x.
Chen, C.J., & Bozzelli, J.W. Kinetic analysis of HO{sub 2} addition to ethylene, propene, and isobutene, and thermochemical parameters of alkyl hydroperoxides and hydroperoxide alkyl radicals. United States. doi:10.1021/jp993111x.
Chen, C.J., and Bozzelli, J.W. Thu . "Kinetic analysis of HO{sub 2} addition to ethylene, propene, and isobutene, and thermochemical parameters of alkyl hydroperoxides and hydroperoxide alkyl radicals". United States. doi:10.1021/jp993111x.
@article{osti_20075887,
title = {Kinetic analysis of HO{sub 2} addition to ethylene, propene, and isobutene, and thermochemical parameters of alkyl hydroperoxides and hydroperoxide alkyl radicals},
author = {Chen, C.J. and Bozzelli, J.W.},
abstractNote = {Thermochemical kinetic analysis for the reactions of HO{sub 2} radical addition to the primary, secondary, and tertiary carbon-carbon double bonds of ethylene, propene, and isobutene are studied using canonical transition state theory (TST). Thermochemical properties of reactants, alkyl hydroperoxides (ROOH), hydroperoxy alkyl radicals (R-OOH), and transition states (TSs) are determined by ab initio and density functional calculations. Enthalpies of formation ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}) of product radicals (R-OOH) are determined using isodesmic reactions with group balance at MP4(full)6-31G(d,p)/MP2(full)/6-31G(d), MP2(full)/6-31G(d), complete basis set model chemistry (CBS-q with MP2(full)/6-31g(d) and B3LYP/6-31g(d) optimized geometries), and density functional (B3LYP/6-31g(d) and B3LYP/6-311+g(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-31g(d)) calculations. {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of TSs are obtained from the {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of reactants plus energy differences between reactants and TSs. Entropies (S{sub 298}{degree}) and heat capacities (Cp(T) 300 {le} T/K {le} 1,500) contributions from vibrational, translational, and external rotational are calculated using the rigid-rotor-harmonic-oscillator approximation based on geometric parameters and vibrational frequencies obtained at MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory. Selected potential barriers of internal rotations for hydroperoxy alkyl radicals and TSs are calculated at MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and CBS-Q//MP2(full)/6-31G(d) levels. Contributions from hindered rotors of S{sub 298}{degree} and Cp(T) are calculated by the method of Pitzer and Gwinn and by summation over the energy levels obtained by direct diagonalization of the Hamiltonian matrix of hindered internal rotations when the potential barriers of internal rotations are available. calculated rate constants obtained at CBS-q/MP2(full)/6-31G(d) and CBS-q//B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory show similar trends with experimental data: HO{sub 2} radical addition to the tertiary carbon-carbon double bond (HO{sub 2} addition at CD/C2 carbon atom of isobutene) has a lower activation energy than addition to the secondary carbon-carbon double bond CD/C/H, which is lower than addition to the primary carbon-carbon bond CD/H2; the values are 12.11(11.56), 11.08(10.34), and 7.63(7.03) kcal/mol, respectively, at CBS-q//MP2(full)/6-31G(d) level. Data in parentheses are calculations at the CBS-q//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The E{sub a} for addition to primary carbon-carbon double bonds of ethylene, propene, and isobutene also show a decreasing trend 13.49(12.89), 12.16(11.20), and 10.70(10.59) kcal/mol, respectively. The high-pressure limit rate constants are calculated.},
doi = {10.1021/jp993111x},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, amp General Theory},
issn = {1089-5639},
number = 21,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}