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Title: Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds

Abstract

It was found that the anomalous diffraction approximation (ADA) could be made to approximate Mie theory for absorption and extinction in water clouds by parameterizing the missing physics: (1) internal reflection/refraction, (2) photon tunneling, and (3) edge diffraction. Tunneling here refers to processes by which tangential or grazing photons beyond the physical cross section of a spherical particle may be absorbed. Contributions of the above processes to extinction and/or absorption were approximated in terms of particle size, index of refraction, and wavelength. It was found that tunneling can explain most of the difference between ADA and Mie theory for water clouds in the thermal IR. The modified ADA yielded analytical expressions for the absorption and extinction efficiencies, Q{sub abs} and Q{sub ext}, which were integrated over a gamma size distribution to yield expressions for the absorption and extinction coefficients, {beta}{sub abs} and {beta}{sub ext}. These coefficients were expressed in terms of the three gamma distribution parameters, which were related to measured properties of the size distribution: liquid water content, mean, and mass-median diameter. Errors relative to Mie theory for {beta}{sub abs} and {beta}{sub ext} were generally {le}10% for the effective radius range in water clouds of 5--30 {micro}m, for anymore » wavelength in the solar or terrestrial spectrum. For broadband emissivities and absorptivities regarding terrestrial and solar radiation, the errors were less than 1.2% and 4%, respectively. The modified ADA dramatically reduces computation times relative to Mie theory while yielding reasonably accurate results.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Desert Research Inst., Reno, NV (US)
OSTI Identifier:
20075777
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PBD: 1 May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4928
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CLOUDS; ABSORPTION; SOLAR RADIATION; CLIMATE MODELS; RADIATION TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Mitchell, D.L. Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<1311:POTMEA>2.0.CO;2.
Mitchell, D.L. Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds. United States. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<1311:POTMEA>2.0.CO;2.
Mitchell, D.L. Mon . "Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds". United States. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<1311:POTMEA>2.0.CO;2.
@article{osti_20075777,
title = {Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds},
author = {Mitchell, D.L.},
abstractNote = {It was found that the anomalous diffraction approximation (ADA) could be made to approximate Mie theory for absorption and extinction in water clouds by parameterizing the missing physics: (1) internal reflection/refraction, (2) photon tunneling, and (3) edge diffraction. Tunneling here refers to processes by which tangential or grazing photons beyond the physical cross section of a spherical particle may be absorbed. Contributions of the above processes to extinction and/or absorption were approximated in terms of particle size, index of refraction, and wavelength. It was found that tunneling can explain most of the difference between ADA and Mie theory for water clouds in the thermal IR. The modified ADA yielded analytical expressions for the absorption and extinction efficiencies, Q{sub abs} and Q{sub ext}, which were integrated over a gamma size distribution to yield expressions for the absorption and extinction coefficients, {beta}{sub abs} and {beta}{sub ext}. These coefficients were expressed in terms of the three gamma distribution parameters, which were related to measured properties of the size distribution: liquid water content, mean, and mass-median diameter. Errors relative to Mie theory for {beta}{sub abs} and {beta}{sub ext} were generally {le}10% for the effective radius range in water clouds of 5--30 {micro}m, for any wavelength in the solar or terrestrial spectrum. For broadband emissivities and absorptivities regarding terrestrial and solar radiation, the errors were less than 1.2% and 4%, respectively. The modified ADA dramatically reduces computation times relative to Mie theory while yielding reasonably accurate results.},
doi = {10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<1311:POTMEA>2.0.CO;2},
journal = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
issn = {0022-4928},
number = 9,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}