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Title: Selected trace elements and organochlorines: Some findings in blood and eggs of nesting common eiders (Somateria mollissima) from Finland

Abstract

In 1997 and 1998, the authors collected blood samples from nesting adult female common eiders (Somateria mollissima) at five locations in the Baltic Sea near coastal Finland and analyzed them for lead, selenium, mercury, and arsenic. Eggs were collected from three locations in 1997 for analysis of selenium, mercury, arsenic, and 17 organochlorines (OCs). Mean blood lead concentrations varied by location and year and ranged from 0.02 ppm to 0.12 ppm, although one bird had 14.2 ppm lead in its blood. Lead residues in the blood of eiders were positively correlated with the stage of incubation, and lead inhibited the activity of the enzyme delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in the blood. Selenium concentrations in eider blood varied by location, with means of 1.26 to 2.86 ppm. Median residues of selenium and mercury in eider eggs were 0.55 and 0.10 ppm, respectively, and concentrations of both selenium and mercury in eggs were correlated with those in blood. Median concentrations of p,p{prime}-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in eggs ranged from 13.1 to 29.6 ppb, but all other OCs were below detection limits. The residues of contaminants that the authors found in eggs were below concentrations generally considered to affect avian reproduction. The negative correlation of ALADmore » activity with blood lead concentrations is evidence of an adverse physiological effect of lead exposure in this population.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Geological Survey, Madison, WI (US)
OSTI Identifier:
20067672
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 20067672
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: PBD: May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0730-7268
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; WATER POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; FINLAND; SELENIUM; MERCURY; LEAD; ARSENIC; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; BIRDS; FOOD CHAINS; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Franson, J.C., Hollmen, T., Poppenga, R.H., Hario, M., Kilpi, M., and Smith, M.R. Selected trace elements and organochlorines: Some findings in blood and eggs of nesting common eiders (Somateria mollissima) from Finland. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1340:STEAOS>2.3.CO;2.
Franson, J.C., Hollmen, T., Poppenga, R.H., Hario, M., Kilpi, M., & Smith, M.R. Selected trace elements and organochlorines: Some findings in blood and eggs of nesting common eiders (Somateria mollissima) from Finland. United States. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1340:STEAOS>2.3.CO;2.
Franson, J.C., Hollmen, T., Poppenga, R.H., Hario, M., Kilpi, M., and Smith, M.R. Mon . "Selected trace elements and organochlorines: Some findings in blood and eggs of nesting common eiders (Somateria mollissima) from Finland". United States. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1340:STEAOS>2.3.CO;2.
@article{osti_20067672,
title = {Selected trace elements and organochlorines: Some findings in blood and eggs of nesting common eiders (Somateria mollissima) from Finland},
author = {Franson, J.C. and Hollmen, T. and Poppenga, R.H. and Hario, M. and Kilpi, M. and Smith, M.R.},
abstractNote = {In 1997 and 1998, the authors collected blood samples from nesting adult female common eiders (Somateria mollissima) at five locations in the Baltic Sea near coastal Finland and analyzed them for lead, selenium, mercury, and arsenic. Eggs were collected from three locations in 1997 for analysis of selenium, mercury, arsenic, and 17 organochlorines (OCs). Mean blood lead concentrations varied by location and year and ranged from 0.02 ppm to 0.12 ppm, although one bird had 14.2 ppm lead in its blood. Lead residues in the blood of eiders were positively correlated with the stage of incubation, and lead inhibited the activity of the enzyme delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in the blood. Selenium concentrations in eider blood varied by location, with means of 1.26 to 2.86 ppm. Median residues of selenium and mercury in eider eggs were 0.55 and 0.10 ppm, respectively, and concentrations of both selenium and mercury in eggs were correlated with those in blood. Median concentrations of p,p{prime}-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in eggs ranged from 13.1 to 29.6 ppb, but all other OCs were below detection limits. The residues of contaminants that the authors found in eggs were below concentrations generally considered to affect avian reproduction. The negative correlation of ALAD activity with blood lead concentrations is evidence of an adverse physiological effect of lead exposure in this population.},
doi = {10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1340:STEAOS>2.3.CO;2},
journal = {Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry},
issn = {0730-7268},
number = 5,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}